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Ethnic Differences in Duration and Timing of Exposure to Neighbourhood Disadvantage during Childhood

Author

Listed:
  • Kleinepier, Tom

    () (Delft University of Technology)

  • van Ham, Maarten

    () (Delft University of Technology)

Abstract

This paper examines ethnic differences in childhood neighborhood disadvantage among children living in the Netherlands. In contrast to more conventional approaches for assessing children's exposure to neighborhood poverty and affluence (e.g., point-in-time and cumulative measures of exposure), we apply sequence analysis to simultaneously capture the timing and duration of exposure to poor and nonpoor neighborhoods during childhood. Rich administrative microdata offered a unique opportunity to follow the entire 1999 birth cohort of the Turkish, Moroccan, Surinamese, and Antillean second generation and a native Dutch comparison group from birth up until age 15 (N=24,212). Results indicate that especially Turkish and Moroccan children were more likely than native Dutch children to live in a poor neighborhood at any specific stage within childhood, but particularly throughout childhood. Although differences became substantially smaller after adjusting for parental and household characteristics, ethnic differences remained large and statistically significant. In addition, the impact of household income on children's neighborhood income trajectories was found to be weaker for ethnic minority children than for native Dutch children. Our findings are discussed in relation to theories on spatial assimilation, place stratification, and residential preferences.

Suggested Citation

  • Kleinepier, Tom & van Ham, Maarten, 2017. "Ethnic Differences in Duration and Timing of Exposure to Neighbourhood Disadvantage during Childhood," IZA Discussion Papers 10944, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp10944
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Robert M. Adelman, 2005. "The Roles of Race, Class, and Residential Preferences in the Neighborhood Racial Composition of Middle-Class Blacks and Whites," Social Science Quarterly, Southwestern Social Science Association, vol. 86(1), pages 209-228.
    2. Zorlu, Aslan & Mulder, Clara H. & van Gaalen, Ruben, 2014. "Ethnic disparities in the transition to home ownership," Journal of Housing Economics, Elsevier, vol. 26(C), pages 151-163.
    3. Geoffrey Wodtke, 2013. "Duration and Timing of Exposure to Neighborhood Poverty and the Risk of Adolescent Parenthood," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 50(5), pages 1765-1788, October.
    4. Andrew Abbott & Angela Tsay, 2000. "Sequence Analysis and Optimal Matching Methods in Sociology," Sociological Methods & Research, , vol. 29(1), pages 3-33, August.
    5. Zorlu, Aslan & Mulder, Clara H., 2010. "Location Choices of Migrant Nest-Leavers: Spatial Assimilation or Continued Segregation?," IZA Discussion Papers 5141, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    6. Robert Sampson & Patrick Sharkey, 2008. "Neighborhood selection and the social reproduction of concentrated racial inequality," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 45(1), pages 1-29, February.
    7. Tom Kleinepier & Helga A. G. de Valk, 2016. "Ethnic differences in family trajectories of young adult women in the Netherlands: Timing and sequencing of events," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 35(24), pages 671-710, September.
    8. Tom Kleinepier & Maarten van Ham, 2017. "The temporal stability of children's neighborhood experiences: A follow-up from birth to age 15," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 36(59), pages 1813-1826, June.
    9. Gabadinho, Alexis & Ritschard, Gilbert & Müller, Nicolas S & Studer, Matthias, 2011. "Analyzing and Visualizing State Sequences in R with TraMineR," Journal of Statistical Software, Foundation for Open Access Statistics, vol. 40(i04).
    10. Xavier de Souza Briggs & Benjamin J. Keys, 2009. "Has Exposure to Poor Neighbourhoods Changed in America? Race, Risk and Housing Locations in Two Decades," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 46(2), pages 429-458, February.
    11. repec:sae:envira:v:49:y:2017:i:9:p:2135-2154 is not listed on IDEAS
    12. Timothy Morris, 2017. "Examining the influence of major life events as drivers of residential mobility and neighbourhood transitions," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 36(35), pages 1015-1038, March.
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    Cited by:

    1. Kleinepier, Tom & van Ham, Maarten, 2018. "The Temporal Dynamics of Neighborhood Disadvantage in Childhood and Subsequent Problem Behavior in Adolescence," IZA Discussion Papers 11397, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    2. Manley, David & van Ham, Maarten & Hedman, Lina, 2018. "Experienced and Inherited Disadvantage: A Longitudinal Study of Early Adulthood Neighbourhood Careers of Siblings," IZA Discussion Papers 11335, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

    More about this item

    Keywords

    childhood; ethnicity; life course; neighborhood; sequence analysis;

    JEL classification:

    • I30 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - General
    • J60 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - General
    • P46 - Economic Systems - - Other Economic Systems - - - Consumer Economics; Health; Education and Training; Welfare, Income, Wealth, and Poverty
    • R23 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population

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