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Is Inequality of Opportunity Robust to the Measurement Approach?

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  • Ramos, Xavier

    (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona)

  • Van de gaer, Dirk

    (Ghent University)

Abstract

Recent literature has suggested many ways of measuring equality of opportunity. We analyze in a systematic manner the various approaches put forth in the literature to show whether and to what extent different choices matter empirically. We use EU-SILC data for most European countries for 2005 and 2011. The choice between ex-ante and ex-post approaches is crucial and has a substantial influence on inequality of opportunity country orderings. Growth regressions also illustrate the relevance of conceptual choices. We only find significant negative effects for some direct parametric ex-ante measures.

Suggested Citation

  • Ramos, Xavier & Van de gaer, Dirk, 2017. "Is Inequality of Opportunity Robust to the Measurement Approach?," IZA Discussion Papers 11157, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp11157
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    Cited by:

    1. Paolo Brunori & Guido Neidhöfer, 2021. "The Evolution of Inequality of Opportunity in Germany: A Machine Learning Approach," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 67(4), pages 900-927, December.
    2. David Pérez-Mesa & Gustavo A. Marrero & Sara Darias-Curvo, 2020. "Child health inequality and opportunities in Sub-Saharan Africa," Working Papers 557, ECINEQ, Society for the Study of Economic Inequality.
    3. Daniel Gerszon Mahler & Xavier Ramos, 2019. "Equality of Opportunity in Four Measures of Well‐Being," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 65(S1), pages 228-255, November.
    4. José María Rentería, 2023. "Inequality of Educational Opportunity and Time-Varying Circumstances: Longitudinal Evidence from Peru," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 59(2), pages 258-278, February.
    5. Pérez-Mesa, David & Marrero, Gustavo A. & Darias-Curvo, Sara, 2021. "Child health inequality in Sub-Saharan Africa," MPRA Paper 108801, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    6. Brock, J. Michelle, 2020. "Unfair inequality, governance and individual beliefs," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 48(3), pages 658-687.
    7. Kristof Bosmans & Z. Emel Öztürk, 2021. "Measurement of inequality of opportunity: A normative approach," The Journal of Economic Inequality, Springer;Society for the Study of Economic Inequality, vol. 19(2), pages 213-237, June.
    8. Carmen Herrero & Antonio Villar, 2021. "Opportunity advantage between income distributions," The Journal of Economic Inequality, Springer;Society for the Study of Economic Inequality, vol. 19(4), pages 785-799, December.
    9. Rafael Carranza, 2020. "Upper and lower bound estimates of inequality of opportunity: A cross-national comparison for Europe," Working Papers 511, ECINEQ, Society for the Study of Economic Inequality.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    equality of opportunity; measurement; ex-ante; ex-post; direct approach; indirect approach; responsibility; effort; income; EU-SILC;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • D3 - Microeconomics - - Distribution
    • D63 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement

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