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Is inequality of opportunity robust to the measurement approach?

Author

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  • Xavier Ramos

    (Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona)

  • Dirk Van de gaer

    (Ghent University)

Abstract

Recent literature has suggested many ways of measuring equality of opportunity. We analyze in a systematic manner the various approaches put forth in the literature to show whether and to what extent different choices matter empirically. We use EU-SILC data for most European countries for 2005 and 2011. The choice between ex-ante and ex-post approaches is crucial and has a substantial influence on inequality of opportunity country orderings. Growth regressions also illustrate the relevance of conceptual choices. We only find significant negative effects for some direct parametric ex-ante measures.

Suggested Citation

  • Xavier Ramos & Dirk Van de gaer, 2017. "Is inequality of opportunity robust to the measurement approach?," Working Papers 450, ECINEQ, Society for the Study of Economic Inequality.
  • Handle: RePEc:inq:inqwps:ecineq2017-450
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    File URL: http://www.ecineq.org/milano/WP/ECINEQ2017-450.pdf
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    Cited by:

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    3. Carmen Herrero & Antonio Villar, 2021. "Opportunity advantage between income distributions," The Journal of Economic Inequality, Springer;Society for the Study of Economic Inequality, vol. 19(4), pages 785-799, December.
    4. Pérez-Mesa, David & Marrero, Gustavo A. & Darias-Curvo, Sara, 2021. "Child health inequality in Sub-Saharan Africa," MPRA Paper 108801, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Equality of opportunity; measurement; ex-ante; ex-post; direct approach; indirect approach; responsibility; effort; income; EU-SILC.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • D3 - Microeconomics - - Distribution
    • D63 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement

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