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War during Childhood: The Long Run Effects of Warfare on Health

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  • Akbulut-Yuksel, Mevlude

    () (Dalhousie University)

Abstract

This paper estimates the causal long-term consequences of an exposure to war in utero and during childhood on the risk of obesity and the probability of having a chronic health condition in adulthood. Using the plausibly exogenous city-by-cohort variation in the intensity of WWII destruction as a unique quasi-experiment, I find that individuals who were exposed to WWII destruction during the prenatal and early postnatal periods have higher BMIs and are more likely to be obese as adults. I also find an elevated incidence of chronic health conditions such as stroke, hypertension, diabetes, and cardiovascular disorder in adulthood among these wartime children.

Suggested Citation

  • Akbulut-Yuksel, Mevlude, 2017. "War during Childhood: The Long Run Effects of Warfare on Health," IZA Discussion Papers 10807, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp10807
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Abeliansky, Ana Lucia & Strulik, Holger, 2017. "Hungry children age faster," Center for European, Governance and Economic Development Research Discussion Papers 322, University of Goettingen, Department of Economics.
    2. Richard Akresh & Sonia Bhalotra & Marinella Leone & Una O. Osili, 2017. "First and Second Generation Impacts of the Biafran War," NBER Working Papers 23721, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Richard Akresh & German Daniel Caruso & Harsha Thirumurthy, 2014. "Medium-Term Health Impacts of Shocks Experienced In Utero and After Birth: Evidence from Detailed Geographic Information on War Exposure," NBER Working Papers 20763, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. Richard Akresh & German Daniel Caruso & Harsha Thirumurthy, 2016. "Detailed Geographic Information, Conflict Exposure, and Health Impacts," HiCN Working Papers 238, Households in Conflict Network.
    5. Reyn van Ewijk & Maarten Lindeboom, 2016. "Why people born during World War II are healthier," Working Papers 1619, Gutenberg School of Management and Economics, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    health conditions; body size; warfare; children;

    JEL classification:

    • I10 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - General
    • I12 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health Behavior
    • J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth

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