Bounds with Imperfect Instruments: Leveraging the Implicit Assumption of Intransitivity in Correlations
Instrumental variables (IV) is an indispensable tool for establishing causal relationships between variables. Recent work has focused on improving bounds for cases when an ideal instrument does not exist. We leverage a principle, "Intransitivity in Correlations," related to an under-utilized property from the statistics literature. From this principle, it is straightforward to obtain new bounds. We argue that these new theoretical bounds become increasingly useful as instruments become increasingly weak or invalid.
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References listed on IDEAS
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- Aviv Nevo & Adam M. Rosen, 2012.
"Identification With Imperfect Instruments,"
The Review of Economics and Statistics,
MIT Press, vol. 94(3), pages 659-671, August.
- Aviv Nevo & Adam M. Rosen, 2008. "Identification with Imperfect Instruments," NBER Working Papers 14434, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Aviv Nevo & Adam Rosen, 2008. "Identification with imperfect instruments," CeMMAP working papers CWP16/08, Centre for Microdata Methods and Practice, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
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