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Trends in the German Income Distribution: 2005/06 to 2010/11

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  • Biewen, Martin

    (University of Tuebingen)

  • Ungerer, Martin

    (ZEW Mannheim)

  • Loeffler, Max

    (Maastricht University)

Abstract

We analyze the potential influence of a number of factors on the distribution of equivalized net incomes in Germany over the period 2005/2006 to 2010/11. While income inequality considerably increased in the years before 2005/2006, this trend was stopped after 2005/2006. Among many other factors, we consider the role of the employment boom and the development of inequality in wage incomes after 2005/2006. Our results suggest that, despite further increases in wage inequality, inequality in equivalized net incomes did not increase further after 2005/2006 because increased within-year employment opportunities compensated otherwise rising inequality in annual labour incomes. On the other hand, income inequality did not fall in a more marked way after 2005/2006 because also the middle and the upper part of the distribution benefitted from the employment boom. Other factors, such as changing household structures, population aging and changes in the tax and transfer system had no important effects on the distribution. Finally, we find little evidence that the distribution of equivalized net incomes was affected in any important way by the financial crisis and the subsequent great recession.

Suggested Citation

  • Biewen, Martin & Ungerer, Martin & Loeffler, Max, 2016. "Trends in the German Income Distribution: 2005/06 to 2010/11," IZA Discussion Papers 10450, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp10450
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    Cited by:

    1. Schank, Thorsten & Bossler, Mario, 2020. "Wage inequality in Germany after the minimum wage introduction," VfS Annual Conference 2020 (Virtual Conference): Gender Economics 224543, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
    2. Charlotte Bartels & Carsten Schröder, 2020. "Die Bedeutung von Mieteinkommen und Immobilien für die Ungleichheit in Deutschland," Wirtschaftsdienst, Springer;ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics, vol. 100(10), pages 741-746, October.
    3. Biewen, Martin & Sturm, Miriam, 2021. "Why a Labour Market Boom Does Not Necessarily Bring Down Inequality: Putting Together Germany's Inequality Puzzle," IZA Discussion Papers 14357, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    4. Niklas Isaak & Philipp Jäger & Robin Jessen, 2021. "Die Verteilung der Steuer- und Abgabenlast [The Distribution of the Tax and Social Security Burden]," Wirtschaftsdienst, Springer;ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics, vol. 101(4), pages 284-289, April.
    5. Bernd Hayo, 2020. "Does Quantitative Easing Affect People’s Personal Financial Situation and Economic Inequality? The View of the German Population," MAGKS Papers on Economics 202023, Philipps-Universität Marburg, Faculty of Business Administration and Economics, Department of Economics (Volkswirtschaftliche Abteilung).
    6. Charlotte Bartels & Carsten Schroeder, 2020. "The role of rental income, real estate and rents for inequality in Germany," Working Papers 7, Forum New Economy.
    7. Charlotte Bartels & Carsten Schroeder, 2020. "Income, consumption and wealth inequality in Germany: Three concepts, three stories?," Basic Papers 2, Forum New Economy.
    8. Lea Immel, 2021. "The Impact of Labor Market Reforms on Income Inequality: Evidence from the German Hartz Reforms," ifo Working Paper Series 347, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    poverty; income inequality;

    JEL classification:

    • C14 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Semiparametric and Nonparametric Methods: General
    • D31 - Microeconomics - - Distribution - - - Personal Income and Wealth Distribution
    • I30 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - General

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