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Rückgang der Einkommensungleichheit stockt

Author

Listed:
  • Markus M. Grabka
  • Jan Goebel

Abstract

New analyses of personal income distribution in Germany, based on data from the German Socio-Economic Panel Study (SOEP), show that the disparity in income distribution decreased in Germany in the period 2006-2010. However, this decline comes to a halt in 2011. The most influential forces for this development in 2011 is the anew increase in inequality of capital and labour income. Alongside, the relative poverty risk has reached a record high in 2009 with a rate of 15 percent. For the following two years this proportion is still rather high with about 14 percent. More importantly income mobility decreased since reunification in Germany. The chance to escape from relative poverty within a four years period has come down by 10 percentage points to only 46 percent in the last years. Die Ungleichheit der verfügbaren Einkommen in Deutschland ist nach dem Höhepunkt im Jahr 2005 leicht zurückgegangen. Diese Tendenz hat sich jedoch zuletzt - im Jahr 2011 - nicht weiter fortgesetzt. Maßgeblich dafür war die wieder gestiegene Ungleichheit der Markteinkommen und hier unter anderen der Kapitaleinkommen. Neben diesem Befund zeigen die aktualisierten Analysen zur personellen Einkommensverteilung auf Basis des Sozio-oekonomischen Panels (SOEP), dass das Armutsrisiko nach einer langen Phase des Anstiegs nicht weiter gewachsen ist. Von sozialpolitisch ebenfalls großer Bedeutung ist die Einkommensmobilität im zeitlichen Verlauf, das heißt der Auf- oder Abstieg einzelner Personengruppen in der Einkommenshierarchie. Hier bestätigen die jüngsten Analysen die Tendenz einer seit der Wiedervereinigung signifikant rückläufigen Einkommensmobilität. So ist die Chance, innerhalb eines Vierjahreszeitraums aus dem Armutsrisiko zu entkommen, in den vergangenen Jahren um zehn Prozentpunkte auf 46 Prozent gesunken.

Suggested Citation

  • Markus M. Grabka & Jan Goebel, 2013. "Rückgang der Einkommensungleichheit stockt," DIW Wochenbericht, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 80(46), pages 13-23.
  • Handle: RePEc:diw:diwwob:80-46-3
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    File URL: http://www.diw.de/documents/publikationen/73/diw_01.c.431412.de/13-46-3.pdf
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Stefan Bach, 2014. ""Reichensteuer"-Diskussion: Hintergrund und Perspektiven," DIW Roundup: Politik im Fokus 16, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
    2. Biewen, Martin & Ungerer, Martin & Löffler, Max, 2016. "Trends in the German income distribution: 2005/06 to 2010/11," ZEW Discussion Papers 16-088, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
    3. Jan Behringer & Thomas Theobald & Till van Treeck, 2014. "Einkommens- und Vermögensverteilung in Deutschland: Eine makroökonomische Sicht," IMK Report 99-2014, IMK at the Hans Boeckler Foundation, Macroeconomic Policy Institute.
    4. Sachverständigenrat zur Begutachtung der Gesamtwirtschaftlichen Entwicklung (ed.), 2014. "Mehr Vertrauen in Marktprozesse. Jahresgutachten 2014/15," Annual Economic Reports / Jahresgutachten, German Council of Economic Experts / Sachverständigenrat zur Begutachtung der gesamtwirtschaftlichen Entwicklung, volume 127, number 201415.
    5. Ulrike Stein, 2017. "Earnings inequality in Germany: A decomposition-analysis," IMK Working Paper 187-2017, IMK at the Hans Boeckler Foundation, Macroeconomic Policy Institute.
    6. Karl Brenke, 2014. "Mindestlohn: Zahl der anspruchsberechtigten Arbeitnehmer wird weit unter fünf Millionen liegen," DIW Wochenbericht, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 81(5), pages 71-77.
    7. Ulrike Stein, 2017. "Earnings Inequality in Germany: A Decomposition-Analysis," SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research 955, DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP).
    8. Jan Behringer & Thomas Theobald & Till van Treeck, 2014. "Income and Wealth Distributionin Germany: A Macro-Economic Perspective," IMK Report 99e-2014, IMK at the Hans Boeckler Foundation, Macroeconomic Policy Institute.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Income inequality; Income mobility; SOEP;

    JEL classification:

    • D31 - Microeconomics - - Distribution - - - Personal Income and Wealth Distribution
    • I31 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - General Welfare, Well-Being
    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty

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