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Energy endowments, barriers to trade and industry location in Chinese provinces

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  • Irina Hotz
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    This study analyzes the determinants of manufacturing activity across Chinese provinces with emphasis on the important role of energy endowments on the location of industries. The data set consists of a panel of 28 Chinese provinces and 13 manufacturing industries for the years 1994, 1997 and 1999-2009. A model of production location is estimated, including comparative advantage and economic geography dynamics. The effects of trade impediments and changes in economic policies on the distribution of economic activity are also considered. Results validate energy as a driving force of industry location. They further show that provincial protectionism poses a problem to market mechanisms, but indicate an increase of concentration of economic activity through time.

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    File URL: ftp://sitelftp.unine.ch/RePEc/irn/pdfs/WP12-02.pdf
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    Paper provided by IRENE Institute of Economic Research in its series IRENE Working Papers with number 12-02.

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    Length: 37 pages
    Date of creation: Sep 2012
    Handle: RePEc:irn:wpaper:12-02
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    1. Yanrui Wu, 2016. "China's Capital Stock Series by Region and Sector," Frontiers of Economics in China, Higher Education Press, vol. 11(1), pages 156-172, March.
    2. Davis, Donald R. & David E. Weinstein & Scott C. Bradford & Kazushige Shimpo, 1997. "Using International and Japanese Regional Data to Determine When the Factor Abundance Theory of Trade Works," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 87(3), pages 421-446, June.
    3. Reyer Gerlagh & Nicole A. Mathys, 2011. "Energy Abundance, Trade and Industry Location," Working Papers 2011.03, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei.
    4. Redding, Stephen, 2009. "Economic geography: a review of the theoretical and empirical literature," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 25500, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    5. Edward L. Glaeser & Glenn Ellison, 1999. "The Geographic Concentration of Industry: Does Natural Advantage Explain Agglomeration?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 89(2), pages 311-316, May.
    6. Amiti, Mary & Smarzynska Javorcik, Beata, 2008. "Trade costs and location of foreign firms in China," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 85(1-2), pages 129-149, February.
    7. Krugman, Paul, 1980. "Scale Economies, Product Differentiation, and the Pattern of Trade," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 70(5), pages 950-959, December.
    8. Davis, Donald R. & Weinstein, David E., 1999. "Economic geography and regional production structure: An empirical investigation," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 43(2), pages 379-407, February.
    9. Donald R. Davis & David E. Weinstein, 2002. "What Role for Empirics in International Trade?," Aussenwirtschaft, University of St. Gallen, School of Economics and Political Science, Swiss Institute for International Economics and Applied Economics Research, vol. 57(04), pages 441-468, December.
    10. John Romalis, 2004. "Factor Proportions and the Structure of Commodity Trade," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 94(1), pages 67-97, March.
    11. Smith, Pamela J, 1999. "Do Geographic Scale Economies Explain Disturbances to Heckscher-Ohlin Trade?," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 7(1), pages 20-36, February.
    12. Poncet, Sandra, 2003. "Measuring Chinese domestic and international integration," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 14(1), pages 1-21.
    13. Bowen, Harry P & Leamer, Edward E & Sveikauskas, Leo, 1987. "Multicountry, Multifactor Tests of the Factor Abundance Theory," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 77(5), pages 791-809, December.
    14. Michielsen, T.O., 2011. "The Distribution of Energy-Intensive Sectors in the US," Discussion Paper 2011-075, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
    15. Bai, Chong-En & Du, Yingjuan & Tao, Zhigang & Tong, Sarah Y., 2004. "Local protectionism and regional specialization: evidence from China's industries," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 63(2), pages 397-417, July.
    16. Kim, Sukkoo, 1999. "Regions, resources, and economic geography: Sources of U.S. regional comparative advantage, 1880-1987," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 29(1), pages 1-32, January.
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