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Public Works and Employment Programmes: Towards a Long-Term Development Approach

Author

Listed:
  • Radhika Lal

    () (International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth)

  • Steve Miller

    () (New School, Global Program of International Affairs and Independent Consultant)

  • Maikel Lieuw-Kie-Song

    () (Independent researcher and consultant)

  • Daniel Kostzer

    () (Social Development Cluster, UNDP Argentina)

Abstract

Public works and employment programmes have long been considered a staple of social assistance. For the most part, though, they have been designed as short-term ?safety nets?. While, in some cases, the focus has also been on reducing poverty or addressing structural unemployment challenges, their implementation has seldom been on a scale that would make a dent in structural poverty. The fact that large scale programmes such as India?s National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (NREGS), which was initiated prior to the recent economic crisis, could also be effective in responding speedily to and mitigating the effects of the crisis has elicited interest in such policies as a component of inclusive growth paths. In making the case for a longer-term development approach, the paper points out that such an approach would not only allow these programmes to act as shock absorbers without being ?too little, too late? but would also enable the state to strengthen its capacities to provide support to livelihood strategies of the poor through addressing critical public goods and service deficits while creating jobs. In this context, the paper assesses the desirability and feasibility of adopting a universal or a partial Employment Guarantee (EG) to make such programmes a more stable complement to market-driven employment creation in situations where levels of poverty, in particular, working poverty, and underemployment are high. The paper also explores the complementarities and interactions with various social assistance and cash transfer programmes with a view to fostering a more comprehensive approach to social protection for the poor. The paper concludes with a section on implementation issues with a view to strengthening learning on how to plan, design and implement long-term and Employment Guarantee types of public employment programmes. (?)

Suggested Citation

  • Radhika Lal & Steve Miller & Maikel Lieuw-Kie-Song & Daniel Kostzer, 2010. "Public Works and Employment Programmes: Towards a Long-Term Development Approach," Working Papers 66, International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth.
  • Handle: RePEc:ipc:wpaper:66
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    File URL: http://www.ipc-undp.org/pub/IPCWorkingPaper66.pdf
    File Function: First version, 2010
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Marife M. Ballesteros & Danilo C. Israel, 2014. "Study of Government Interventions for Employment Generation in the Private Sector," Working Papers id:6059, eSocialSciences.
    2. repec:eee:wdevel:v:107:y:2018:i:c:p:111-124 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Parantap Basu & Kunal Sen, 2015. "Welfare Implications of the Indian Employment Guarantee Programme with a Wage Payment Delay," CEGAP Working Papers 2015_01, Durham University Business School.
    4. Klonner, Stefan & Oldiges , Christian, 2014. "Safety Net for India's Poor or Waste of Public Funds? Poverty and Welfare in the Wake of the World's Largest Job Guarantee Program," Working Papers 0564, University of Heidelberg, Department of Economics.
    5. Basu, Parantap & Sen, Kunal, 2015. "Welfare Implications of India's Employment Guarantee Programme with a Wage Payment Delay," IZA Discussion Papers 9454, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    6. Radhika Lal, 2010. "Rethinking Public Employment Programmes: Moving Beyond Safety Nets?," One Pager 112, International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth.
    7. Laura Zimmermann, 2014. "Public works programs in developing countries have the potential to reduce poverty," IZA World of Labor, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA), pages 1-25, May.
    8. Leisa Perch, 2012. "Understanding the Socio-Environmental Policy Space," Policy Research Brief 20, International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth.
    9. Matteo G. Richiardi, 2015. "Liberia.Expanding formal employment through labour market reforms," LABORatorio R. Revelli Working Papers Series 144, LABORatorio R. Revelli, Centre for Employment Studies.
    10. Lieuw-Kie-Song, Maikel. & Philip, Kate. & Tsukamoto, Mito. & Van Imschoot, Marc., 2011. "Towards the right to work : innovations in public employment programmes (IPEP)," ILO Working Papers 994607683402676, International Labour Organization.

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    Public Works and Employment Programmes: Towards a Long-Term Development Approach;

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