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Exclusión social y violencia en América Latina y el Caribe

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  • Heather Berkman

Abstract

Este trabajo analiza la manera en que la exclusión social ayuda a fomentar la violencia en América Latina. Las comunidades socialmente excluidas no pueden depender de las instituciones concebidas para protegerlas y la violencia se convierte en un instrumento mediante el cual alcanzar justicia, seguridad y provecho económico. Cuando se limitan los métodos convencionales de obtener un mayor nivel social, más ingresos e influencia, algunas personas recurren a actos de violencia. En este trabajo se trata la manera en que la exclusión social y la violencia interactúan en un círculo vicioso que deja a los socialmente excluidos en un entorno sumamente hostil en el que la línea divisoria entre la legalidad y la ilegalidad a menudo se desdibuja. El uso de la violencia por parte de esta minoría afecta las vidas de la mayoría de la gente excluida que no recurre a la violencia. En este trabajo también se analiza la relación entre la violencia y las pandillas juveniles y los niños de la calle. (Disponible en inglés)

Suggested Citation

  • Heather Berkman, 2007. "Exclusión social y violencia en América Latina y el Caribe," Research Department Publications 4535, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  • Handle: RePEc:idb:wpaper:4535
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    File URL: http://www.iadb.org/research/pub_hits.cfm?pub_id=WP-613&pub_file_name=pubWP-613.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Betânia Totino Peixoto & Sueli Moro & Mônica Viegas Andrade, 2004. "Criminalidade Na Região Metropolitana De Belo Horizonte: Uma Análise Espacial," Anais do XI Seminário sobre a Economia Mineira [Proceedings of the 11th Seminar on the Economy of Minas Gerais],in: João Antonio de Paula & et alli (ed.), Anais do XI Seminário sobre a Economia Mineira [Proceedings of the 11th Seminar on the Economy of Minas Gerais] Cedeplar, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais.
    2. Heinemann, Alessandra & Verner, Dorte, 2006. "Crime and violence in development : a literature review of Latin America and the Caribbean," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4041, The World Bank.
    3. Borjas, George J, 1995. "Ethnicity, Neighborhoods, and Human-Capital Externalities," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 85(3), pages 365-390, June.
    4. Alejandro Gaviria & Carmen Pagés, 1999. "Patterns of Crime Victimization in Latin America," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 1102, Inter-American Development Bank.
    5. Fleisher, Belton M, 1970. "The Effect of Income on Delinquency: Reply," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 60(1), pages 257-257, March.
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