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Análisis sobre el aumento del ahorro en Chile

Listed author(s):
  • Manuel R. Agosin
  • Gustavo Crespi
  • Leonardo Letelier

Desde mediados de los ochenta, cuando la economía se encontraba sumida en la crisis de la deuda, el ahorro y la inversión en Chile aumentaron dramáticamente. El ahorro lo ha hecho aún más que la inversión, revirtiendo el fuerte uso de recursos externos para financiar los niveles desmedrados de inversión de la primera mitad de la década pasada. Estas características del proceso de ahorro e inversión contrastan con lo acaecido en otros países de la región, donde la tasa de inversión se ha mantenido estancada y la tasa de ahorro nacional ha caído (Banco Interamericano de Desarrollo, 1996). Algunos de estos países -particularmente Argentina y México- iniciaron hace varios años programas de estabilización y cambio estructural orientados a darle al mercado una mayor importancia en la asignación de recursos con el objetivo de dinamizar la inversión y la tasa de crecimiento. Muchas de estas políticas habían sido puestas en práctica en Chile a partir de mediados de los setenta. Además, tanto Chile como otros países de la región han recibido cuantiosos flujos de capital durante los años noventa, relajando significativamente la restricción externa a la inversión (Calvo, Leiderman y Reinhardt, 1993; Ffrench-Davis y Griffith-Jones, 1995). Sin embargo, sólo en Chile se ha dado un aumento importante en las tasas de ahorro e inversión.

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Paper provided by Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department in its series Research Department Publications with number 3008.

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Date of creation: Dec 1997
Handle: RePEc:idb:wpaper:3008
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  1. Carroll, Christopher D. & Weil, David N., 1994. "Saving and growth: a reinterpretation," Carnegie-Rochester Conference Series on Public Policy, Elsevier, vol. 40(1), pages 133-192, June.
  2. Sebastian Edwards, 1995. "Why are Saving Rates so Different Across Countries?: An International Comparative Analysis," NBER Working Papers 5097, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Steven M. Fazzari & R. Glenn Hubbard & BRUCE C. PETERSEN, 1988. "Financing Constraints and Corporate Investment," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 19(1), pages 141-206.
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