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Variational Bewley Preferences

  • Faro, José Heleno

This paper characterizes variational Bewley preferences over Anscombe and Aumann acts, a class of binary relations that may fail completeness or transitivity vis à vis independence. The main result gives an axiomatization of preference relations ≿ represented as follows:f≿g⇔∫u(f)dp+η(p)≥∫u(g)dp for all p∈Δ, where u is an affine utility index over a convex set X of consequences, η:Δ→[0,∞] is an ambiguity index, and Δ is the set of priors over the state space S. This representation has a natural interpretation as a weighted unanimity rule, with the function η reflecting the weight given to a prior and higher values of η corresponding to priors given less weight. Bewley's incomplete preferences can be identified precisely with the addition of transitivity or independence, and a prior receives weight either 0 if plausible or ∞ when discarded. Also, by adding only completeness, we recover subjective expected utility, i.e., the lack of transitivity implies incompleteness. Finally, we find a strong connection of our model with the class of variational preferences.

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Paper provided by Insper Working Paper, Insper Instituto de Ensino e Pesquisa in its series Insper Working Papers with number wpe_258.

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Date of creation: Oct 2011
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Handle: RePEc:ibm:ibmecp:wpe_258
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  22. Tsogbadral Galaabaatar & Edi Karni, 2013. "Subjective Expected Utility With Incomplete Preferences," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 81(1), pages 255-284, 01.
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  24. Simone Cerreia-Vioglio, 2011. "Objective Rationality and Uncertainty Averse Preferences," Working Papers 413, IGIER (Innocenzo Gasparini Institute for Economic Research), Bocconi University.
  25. Ghirardato, Paolo & Maccheroni, Fabio & Marinacci, Massimo, 2004. "Differentiating ambiguity and ambiguity attitude," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 118(2), pages 133-173, October.
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