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Determinants of labor shortage - with particular focus on the German environmental sector

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  • Horbach, Jens

Abstract

"Despite the ongoing discussion on labor shortage in the German economy there is still a lack of empirical analyses of this problem based on adequate econometric methods. The paper explores the determinants of labor shortage in the environmental sector supplying products and services that help to reduce environmental impacts and energy use. Labor shortages occur when the price adjustment mechanism is too slow to balance labor demand and supply. The empirical analysis of labor shortage uses recent data of the establishment panel of the Institute for Employment Research in Nuremberg. A descriptive analysis shows that the environmental sector seems to be over-proportionally affected by labor shortage. Following the results of an econometric analysis innovative firms are significantly more likely to be characterized by labor shortage problems. For climate protection technologies, analytics/consulting or environmental research and development labor shortage seems to result from the respective innovative activities of the firms requiring highskilled and specialized staff whereas labor shortage in the recycling sector is due to a lack of low-paid personnel. Further econometric estimations show that firms characterized by labor shortage problems are significantly more likely to pay wages above average." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))

Suggested Citation

  • Horbach, Jens, 2014. "Determinants of labor shortage - with particular focus on the German environmental sector," IAB Discussion Paper 201422, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
  • Handle: RePEc:iab:iabdpa:201422
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    2. Jean BELIN & Jens HORBACH & Vanessa OLTRA, 2011. "Determinants and Specificities of Eco-innovations – An Econometric Analysis for the French and German Industry based on the Community Innovation Survey," Cahiers du GREThA (2007-2019) 2011-17, Groupe de Recherche en Economie Théorique et Appliquée (GREThA).
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    4. Junankar, Pramod N. (Raja), 2009. "Was there a Skills Shortage in Australia?," IZA Discussion Papers 4651, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    5. Jens Horbach, 2014. "Do eco-innovations need specific regional characteristics? An econometric analysis for Germany," Review of Regional Research: Jahrbuch für Regionalwissenschaft, Springer;Gesellschaft für Regionalforschung (GfR), vol. 34(1), pages 23-38, February.
    6. Berlingieri, Francesco & Erdsiek, Daniel, 2012. "How relevant is job mismatch for German graduates?," ZEW Discussion Papers 12-075, ZEW - Leibniz Centre for European Economic Research.
    7. Müller, Anne & Rebien, Martina & Vogler-Ludwig, Kurt, 2012. "IAB-Erhebung des Gesamtwirtschaftlichen Stellenangebots : Betriebsbefragung zu Stellenangebot und Besetzungsprozessen. Wellen 2005 bis 2009 und Folgequartale," FDZ Datenreport. Documentation on Labour Market Data 201202_de, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Antoni, Manfred & Janser, Markus & Lehmer, Florian, 2015. "The hidden winners of renewable energy promotion: Insights into sector-specific wage differentials," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 86(C), pages 595-613.
    2. Bellmann, Lutz & Koch, Theresa, 2019. "Ökologische Nachhaltigkeit in deutschen Unternehmen: Empirische Ergebnisse auf Basis des IAB-Betriebspanels 2018," IAB-Forschungsbericht 201908, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
    3. Jens Horbach & Markus Janser, 2016. "The role of innovation and agglomeration for employment growth in the environmental sector," Industry and Innovation, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 23(6), pages 488-511, August.
    4. Meyer, Wolgang, 2015. "Fachkräftemangel in Niedersachsen: Ein aktuelles Problem?," Hannover Economic Papers (HEP) dp-560, Leibniz Universität Hannover, Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Fakultät.
    5. Horbach, Jens & Rammer, Christian, 2020. "Labor shortage and innovation," ZEW Discussion Papers 20-009, ZEW - Leibniz Centre for European Economic Research.
    6. Knut Gerlach & Olaf Hübler & Wolfgang Meyer, 2014. "Betriebliche Suche und Besetzung von Arbeitsplätzen für qualifizierte Tätigkeiten in Niedersachsen - Gibt es Defizite an geeigneten Bewerbern?," Working Paper Series in Economics 319, University of Lüneburg, Institute of Economics.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Arbeitskräftebedarf; Fachkräfte; Arbeitskräftemangel; IAB-Betriebspanel; regenerative Energie; Umweltschutzindustrie; Ökologie;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J23 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Demand
    • J63 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Turnover; Vacancies; Layoffs
    • Q55 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environmental Economics: Technological Innovation
    • C35 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Discrete Regression and Qualitative Choice Models; Discrete Regressors; Proportions

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