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Changes in the governance of employment services in Germany since 2003

Author

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  • Konle-Seidl, Regina

    () (Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany])

Abstract

"Institutional changes in the governance of employment services were the starting point of comprehensive labour market and social policy reforms - the so-called Hartz-reforms (2003-2005) - in Germany. Particularly with the Hartz IV reform in 2005 Germany's status- and occupation-oriented social protection regime has been relinquished for a larger share of dependent population. At the interface of labour market and social policy high shares of meanstested income support recipients are going to be activated now. In line with similar developments in other countries the challenge for Germany's public employment and social services is the jointly managing of activation measures and income support policies in order to increase employment and to avoid exclusion. To deal with this challenge several European countries have set up 'single gateways' and 'one-stop shops' by merging the administration of different income support schemes (unemployment, work disability, social assistance) with employment and welfare services. The changes in the realm of employment services in Germany, however, follow a different path. Instead of implementing a single gateway for all unemployed and inactive working age people a two-tier or even three-tier system was created: Public Employment Service (PES) offices for short-term unemployed and joint agencies combining former local PES and municipal social assistance (ARGEn) for recipients of the basic income support. This new structure of administrative bodies, a result of protracted federal negotiations, created governance problems and hampers an effective activation strategy for potential long-term unemployed. The paper aims at a preliminary assessment of the effects of changing governance in employment services and sets out probable paths of future adaptation to arrive at more coherent activation strategies for all employable persons on income support." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))

Suggested Citation

  • Konle-Seidl, Regina, 2008. "Changes in the governance of employment services in Germany since 2003," IAB Discussion Paper 200810, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
  • Handle: RePEc:iab:iabdpa:200810
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    File URL: http://doku.iab.de/discussionpapers/2008/dp1008.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Fahr, René & Sunde, Uwe, 2006. "Did the Hartz Reforms Speed-Up Job Creation? A Macro-Evaluation Using Empirical Matching Functions," IZA Discussion Papers 2470, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    2. Rudolph, Helmut & Blos, Kerstin, 2005. "Schätzung der Auswirkungen des Hartz-IV-Gesetzes auf Arbeitslosenhilfe-Bezieher," IAB-Forschungsbericht 200514, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
    3. Eichhorst, Werner & Grienberger-Zingerle, Maria & Konle-Seidl, Regina, 2006. "Activation Policies in Germany: From Status Protection to Basic Income Support," IZA Discussion Papers 2514, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    4. Werner Eichhorst & Klaus F. Zimmermann, 2007. "And Then There Were Four ...: How Many (and Which) Measures of Active Labor Market Policy Do We Still Need? ; Finding a Balance after the Evaluation of the Hartz Reforms in Germany," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 685, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
    5. repec:iab:iabzaf:v:40:i:1:p:45-64 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Kaps, Petra & Schütz, Holger, 2007. "Privatisierung von Arbeitsvermittlungsdienstleistungen - Wundermittel zur Effizienzsteigerung? Eine Bestandsaufnahme deutscher und internationaler Erfahrungen," Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Labor Market Policy and Employment SP I 2007-101, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB).
    7. Jacobi, Lena & Kluve, Jochen, 2007. "Before and after the Hartz reforms: The performance of active labour market policy in Germany," Zeitschrift für ArbeitsmarktForschung - Journal for Labour Market Research, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany], vol. 40(1), pages 45-64.
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    Cited by:

    1. Sowa, Frank & Gottwald, Markus & Grimminger, Sandra & Ixmeier, Sebastian & Promberger, Markus, 2016. "Vermittlerhandeln im weiterentwickelten Zielsystem der Bundesagentur für Arbeit : zum Forschungsdesign einer organisationsethnografischen Studie," IAB-Forschungsbericht 201602, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
    2. Bernhard, Sarah & Gartner, Hermann & Stephan, Gesine, 2008. "Wage subsidies for needy job-seekers and their effect on individual labour market outcomes after the German reforms," IAB Discussion Paper 200821, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
    3. Steinke, Joß & Koch, Susanne & Kupka, Peter & Osiander, Christopher & Dony, Elke & Güttler, Detlef & Hesse, Claudia & Knapp, Barbara, 2012. "Neuorientierung der Arbeitsmarktpolitik : Die Neuausrichtung der arbeitsmarktpolitischen Instrumente aus dem Jahr 2009 im Blickpunkt: Mehr Flexibilität und größere Handlungsspielräume für die Vermittl," IAB-Forschungsbericht 201202, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
    4. Osiander, Christopher & Steinke, Joß, 2011. "Street-level bureaucrats in der Arbeitsverwaltung : Dienstleistungsprozesse und reformierte Arbeitsvermittlung aus Sicht der Vermittler," IAB Discussion Paper 201115, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Hartz-Reform; Arbeitsmarktpolitik; Reformpolitik - internationaler Vergleich; aktivierende Arbeitsmarktpolitik; aktivierende Sozialpolitik; Arbeitsverwaltung; Trägerschaft; Verwaltungstechnik; Kompetenzverteilung; Arbeitsagenturen; ARGE; Arbeitsvermittlung; Arbeitslosenversicherung; Sozialhilfe; Grundsicherung nach SGB II; institutionelle Faktoren; Bundesrepublik Deutschland; Großbritannien; Dänemark; Niederlande;

    JEL classification:

    • D78 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Positive Analysis of Policy Formulation and Implementation
    • J78 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination - - - Public Policy (including comparable worth)

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