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Labour market outcomes after vocational training in Germany : equal opportunities for migrants and natives?

Author

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  • Burkert, Carola

    () (Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany])

  • Seibert, Holger

    () (Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany])

Abstract

"German in-firm vocational training combines training on the job and learning in vocational schools. The so called 'dual system' absorbs roughly two thirds of German school leavers every year. After between two and four years of standardized training, it provides them with a generally accepted qualification in a wide range of occupations. Using Spence's Signaling Theory, hypotheses are derived concerning different labour market outcomes of foreigners who successfully completed an in-firm vocational training course and their German counterparts. The integration potential of the dual system is tested empirically according to its risk factors unemployment, occupational mismatch and skill mismatch using longitudinal registration data (1977-2004). Different nationalities are compared with Germans with respect to their first employment after leaving the dual system. Today, most of the young migrants who go through the dual system are as successful on the labour market as Germans. In-firm vocational training apparently provides migrant youth with the skills and techniques necessary for a successful transition to the labour market. However, they have restricted transition chances due to having higher unemployment rates, occupational mismatch and skill mismatch. But even if we control for relevant variables that determine transition chances, restrictions at labour market entry still remain for individual nationalities: compared to Germans, migrant men and especially migrant women have a higher risk of unemployment and occupational mismatch." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en)) Additional Information Hier finden Sie eine deutschsprachige Kurzfassung des Beitrags.

Suggested Citation

  • Burkert, Carola & Seibert, Holger, 2007. "Labour market outcomes after vocational training in Germany : equal opportunities for migrants and natives?," IAB Discussion Paper 200731, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
  • Handle: RePEc:iab:iabdpa:200731
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Riphahn Regina T., 2005. "Are there Diverging Time Trends in the Educational Attainment of Nationals and Second Generation Immigrants? / Unterscheiden sich die Trends in der Entwicklung des Bildungserfolges von Einheimischen u," Journal of Economics and Statistics (Jahrbuecher fuer Nationaloekonomie und Statistik), De Gruyter, vol. 225(3), pages 325-346, June.
    2. Damelang, Andreas & Haas, Anette, 2006. "Arbeitsmarkteinstieg nach dualer Berufsausbildung : Migranten und Deutsche im Vergleich," IAB-Forschungsbericht 200617, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
    3. Borjas, George J & Goldberg, Matthew S, 1978. "Biased Screening and Discrimination in the Labor Market," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 68(5), pages 918-922, December.
    4. Philip Moss & Chris Tilly, 1995. "Skills and Race in Hiring: Quantitative Findings from Face-to-Face Interviews," Eastern Economic Journal, Eastern Economic Association, vol. 21(3), pages 357-374, Summer.
    5. Regina T. Riphahn, 2003. "Cohort effects in the educational attainment of second generation immigrants in Germany: An analysis of census data," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 16(4), pages 711-737, November.
    6. Phelps, Edmund S, 1972. "The Statistical Theory of Racism and Sexism," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 62(4), pages 659-661, September.
    7. Velling, Johannes & Bender, Stefan, 1994. "Berufliche Mobilität zur Anpassung struktureller Diskrepanzen am Arbeitsmarkt," ZEW Discussion Papers 94-19, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
    8. Michael Spence, 1973. "Job Market Signaling," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 87(3), pages 355-374.
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    Cited by:

    1. Wilfried Altzinger & Jesus Crespo Cuaresma & Petra Sauer & Alyssa Schneebaum & Bernhard Rumplmaier, 2015. "Education and Social Mobility in Europe: Levelling the Playing Field for Europe’s Children and Fuelling its Economy," WWWforEurope Working Papers series 80, WWWforEurope.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Jugendliche; ausländische Jugendliche; Berufseinmündung; betriebliche Berufsausbildung; Arbeitsmarktchancen; Ausbildungsabsolventen;

    JEL classification:

    • J62 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Job, Occupational and Intergenerational Mobility; Promotion
    • J64 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search
    • J71 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination - - - Hiring and Firing

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