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Banking in Japan: Will "Too Big To Fail" Prevail?

Author

Listed:
  • Rixtel, Adrian van
  • Wiwattanakantang, Yupana
  • Souma, Toshiyuki
  • Suzuki, Kazunori

Abstract

This paper reviews the evolution of the Japanese banking sector and the development of the banking crisis in Japan in the context of "too big to fail." It describes the deterioration of the Japanese financial sector caused by the bad loan problems and the failure of policymakers to get a grip on the underlying problems. Even at the start of the new century, Japanese policymakers still continue to struggle to find the right policy response to tackle the banking problems and how to avoid moral hazard behavior intertwined with "too big to fail" concerns. The increasing concentration in the Japanese banking industry, which is now dominated by five huge financial conglomerates, should make it more difficult to definitely end "too big to fail" in Japanese prudential policy. In this respect, we believe that the "too big to fail" policy in Japan will prevail.

Suggested Citation

  • Rixtel, Adrian van & Wiwattanakantang, Yupana & Souma, Toshiyuki & Suzuki, Kazunori, 2002. "Banking in Japan: Will "Too Big To Fail" Prevail?," CEI Working Paper Series 2002-16, Center for Economic Institutions, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University.
  • Handle: RePEc:hit:hitcei:2002-16
    Note: This paper is forthcoming in Too-Big-Too-Fail: Policies and Practices in Government Bailouts, edited by Benton Gup and to be published by Quorum Books in 2003.
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    File URL: http://hermes-ir.lib.hit-u.ac.jp/hermes/ir/re/13912/wp2002-16a.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Mark M. Spiegel & Nobuyoshi Yamori, 2000. "The evolution of \\"too-big-to-fail\\" policy in Japan: evidence from market equity values," Pacific Basin Working Paper Series 00-01, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, revised 2000.
    2. HORI Masahiro & TAKAHASHI Tomoyuki, 2001. "The Value of Bank Relationship: A Study on the Hokkaido Takusyoku Bank's Failure," ESRI Discussion paper series 004, Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI).
    3. Eijffinger, Sylvester & van Rixtel, Adrian, 1992. "The Japanese financial system and monetary policy: a descriptive review," Japan and the World Economy, Elsevier, vol. 4(4), pages 291-309, December.
    4. Okina, Kunio & Shirakawa, Masaaki & Shiratsuka, Shigenori, 2001. "The Asset Price Bubble and Monetary Policy: Japan's Experience in the Late 1980s and the Lessons: Background Paper," Monetary and Economic Studies, Institute for Monetary and Economic Studies, Bank of Japan, vol. 19(S1), pages 395-450, February.
    5. Fukao, Mitsuhiro, 2001. "Financial Deregulations, Weakness of Market Discipline, and Market Development: Japan's Experience and Lessons for Developing Countries," CEI Working Paper Series 2001-17, Center for Economic Institutions, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University.
    6. Yamori, Nobuyoshi & Murakami, Akinobu, 1999. "Does bank relationship have an economic value?: The effect of main bank failure on client firms," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 65(1), pages 115-120, October.
    7. Mark M. Spiegel, 1999. "Moral hazard under the Japanese \\"convoy\\" banking system," Economic Review, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, pages 3-13.
    8. Hoshi, Takeo, 2002. "The convoy system for insolvent banks: how it originally worked and why it failed in the 1990s," Japan and the World Economy, Elsevier, vol. 14(2), pages 155-180, April.
    9. Saito, Makoto & Shiratsuka, Shigenori, 2001. "Financial Crises As the Failure of Arbitrage: Implications for Monetary Policy," Monetary and Economic Studies, Institute for Monetary and Economic Studies, Bank of Japan, vol. 19(S1), pages 239-270, February.
    10. Mark M. Spiegel, 2001. "The return of the \\"Japan Premium\\" - trouble ahead for Japanese banks?," FRBSF Economic Letter, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, issue mar.9.
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    Cited by:

    1. Pop, Adrian & Pop, Diana, 2009. "Requiem for market discipline and the specter of TBTF in Japanese banking," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 49(4), pages 1429-1459, November.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Too big to fail; Banking crisis; Japan;

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G33 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Bankruptcy; Liquidation
    • G38 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Government Policy and Regulation

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