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The Kindergarten Attendance Allowance In Hungary - An evaluation of a conditional cash transfer program


  • Gabor Kertesi

    () (Institute of Economics, Center for Economic and Regional Studies, Hungarian Academy of Sciences)

  • Gabor Kezdi

    () (Central European University and Institute of Economics, Center for Economic and Regional Studies, Hungarian Academy of Sciences)


This paper evaluates the kindergarten attendance allowance program in Hungary, a conditional cash transfer (CTT) program introduced in 2009 that aimed to increase kindergarten enrollment of disadvantaged children aged 3 and 4. Administration of the program was decentralized, and we make use of the substantial regional variation in program take-up across municipalities to estimate the program's effect on enrollment rates. We show modest but non-negligible effects, despite problems related to the manner of the program's implementation. We also show that the effects were significantly stronger in areas characterized by an excess supply of kindergarten slots. The results testify to the potential of CCT programs to create demand for child-care services among disadvantaged families; however, the results also highlight the importance of creating an adequate supply of kindergarten facilities where needed.

Suggested Citation

  • Gabor Kertesi & Gabor Kezdi, 2013. "The Kindergarten Attendance Allowance In Hungary - An evaluation of a conditional cash transfer program," Budapest Working Papers on the Labour Market 1314, Institute of Economics, Centre for Economic and Regional Studies, Hungarian Academy of Sciences.
  • Handle: RePEc:has:bworkp:1314

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Ariel Fiszbein & Norbert Schady & Francisco H.G. Ferreira & Margaret Grosh & Niall Keleher & Pedro Olinto & Emmanuel Skoufias, 2009. "Conditional Cash Transfers : Reducing Present and Future Poverty," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 2597, January.
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    More about this item


    kindergarten; conditional cash transfer (CTT) program; Hungary;

    JEL classification:

    • I20 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - General
    • I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs

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