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Impacto del programa Juntos sobre nutrición temprana

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Abstract

Desde fines del 2005, el programa Juntos brinda transferencias monetarias condicionadas a los hogares ubicados en los distritos pobres del Perú. En el año 2010, había alrededor de 420 mil hogares beneficiados. Si bien se evidencian mejoras en los indicadores nutricionales de los niños afiliados al programa, la pregunta de la investigación es: ¿hasta qué punto estas mejoras serían consecuencia de Juntos? Esta pregunta es válida dado que durante el periodo de estudio existe una tendencia clara hacia la reducción en los niveles de desnutrición crónica a nivel nacional. Según cifras oficiales, la desnutrición crónica disminuyó de 28.5% en 2007 a 23.2% en 2010. Los resultados evidencian que Juntos habría favorecido a aquellos niños ubicados en los percentiles inferiores de la distribución de estado nutricional, ayudándolos a superar la desnutrición crónica extrema; sin embargo, no ha tenido efectos sobre la desnutrición crónica global. Así mismo, comparando hogares afiliados al programa, no se detecta un efecto sobre el estado nutricional del tiempo de permanencia en el programa. Finalmente, se encuentra evidencia de efectos heterogéneos de Juntos, de manera tal que niños nacidos en hogares con madres con mayor educación tienden a beneficiarse del efecto nutricional del programa.

Suggested Citation

  • Jaramillo, Miguel & Sánchez, Alan, 2011. "Impacto del programa Juntos sobre nutrición temprana," Documentos de Investigación dt61, Grupo de Análisis para el Desarrollo (GRADE).
  • Handle: RePEc:gad:doctra:dt61
    Note: Documento de investigación, 61
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    1. Harold Alderman & John Hoddinott & Bill Kinsey, 2006. "Long term consequences of early childhood malnutrition," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 58(3), pages 450-474, July.
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    Cited by:

    1. Mejía Acosta, Andrés & Haddad, Lawrence, 2014. "The politics of success in the fight against malnutrition in Peru," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 44(C), pages 26-35.
    2. Fernando Fernandez & Victor Saldarriaga, 2014. "Do benefit recipients change their labor supply after receiving the cash transfer? Evidence from the Peruvian Juntos program," IZA Journal of Labor & Development, Springer;Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit GmbH (IZA), vol. 3(1), pages 1-30, December.
    3. Zavaleta, Carol & Berrang-Ford, Lea & Llanos-Cuentas, Alejandro & Cárcamo, César & Ford, James & Silvera, Rosa & Patterson, Kaitlin & Marquis, Grace S. & Harper, Sherilee, 2017. "Indigenous Shawi communities and national food security support: Right direction, but not enough," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 73(C), pages 75-87.
    4. Licht, Nathalie, 2019. "Wandel von Sozialpolitik im Kontext von Global Social Governance: das Beispiel Peru," Studies, German Development Institute / Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE), volume 99, number 99.
    5. Burchi, Francesco & Scarlato, Margherita & D'Agostino, Giorgio, 2016. "Addressing food insecurity in sub-Saharan Africa: the role of cash transfers," Discussion Papers 17/2016, German Development Institute / Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE).
    6. Escobal, Javier & Benites, Sara, 2012. "Transferencias y Condiciones: Efectos no previstos del Programa JUNTOS [Transfers and Conditions: Unexpected effects of the Juntos programme in Peru]," MPRA Paper 56479, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    7. Lorena Alcázar & María Balarin & Karen Espinoza, 2016. "Impacts of the Peruvian Conditional Cash Transfer Program on Women’s Empowerment: A Quantitative and Qualitative Approach," Working Papers PMMA 2016-25, PEP-PMMA.
    8. Lavigne, Milena, 2013. "Social protection systems in Latin America and the Caribbean: Perú," Documentos de Proyectos 522, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
    9. Gaentzsch, Anja, 2017. "Do conditional cash transfers (CCT) raise educational attainment? A case study of Juntos in Peru," Discussion Papers 2017/9, Free University Berlin, School of Business & Economics.
    10. Alessandra Marini & Claudia Rokx & Paul Gallagher, 2017. "Standing Tall," World Bank Publications - Reports 28321, The World Bank Group.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Evaluación de programas; Programas sociales; Nutrición; Salud Infantil; Perú; Programme evaluation; Social programmes; Nutrition; Child health; Peru;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • H43 - Public Economics - - Publicly Provided Goods - - - Project Evaluation; Social Discount Rate
    • I12 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health Behavior
    • I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs
    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration

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