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Protecting biodiversity by developing bio-jobs : A multi branch analysis with an application on French data

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  • Jean De Beir

    (EPEE - Centre d'Etudes des Politiques Economiques - UEVE - Université d'Évry-Val-d'Essonne, TEPP - Travail, Emploi et Politiques Publiques - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - UPEM - Université Paris-Est Marne-la-Vallée)

  • Celine Emond

    (ERUDITE - Equipe de Recherche sur l’Utilisation des Données Individuelles en lien avec la Théorie Economique - UPEM - Université Paris-Est Marne-la-Vallée - UPEC UP12 - Université Paris-Est Créteil Val-de-Marne - Paris 12, TEPP - Travail, Emploi et Politiques Publiques - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - UPEM - Université Paris-Est Marne-la-Vallée)

  • Yannick L'Horty

    () (TEPP - Travail, Emploi et Politiques Publiques - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - UPEM - Université Paris-Est Marne-la-Vallée, ERUDITE - Equipe de Recherche sur l’Utilisation des Données Individuelles en lien avec la Théorie Economique - UPEM - Université Paris-Est Marne-la-Vallée - UPEC UP12 - Université Paris-Est Créteil Val-de-Marne - Paris 12)

  • Laetitia Tuffery

    (EPEE - Centre d'Etudes des Politiques Economiques - UEVE - Université d'Évry-Val-d'Essonne, TEPP - Travail, Emploi et Politiques Publiques - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - UPEM - Université Paris-Est Marne-la-Vallée)

Abstract

There are jobs favourable to biodiversity, which we call bio-jobs. These jobs are located in a small number of sectors generally linked to natural resources: naturalist research, forestry sector, public works, water and waste management, etc. In this article, we are interested in two economic policies favoring the development of these bio- jobs. The government can support demand in sectors concentrating bio-jobs through public procurement, or she can develop them through targeted exemptions. The most effective and relevant combination of these instruments is looked for via an original framework. We show that the action of the government is driven by the nature of the sectors and especially the level of an existing private demand. Then, the level of the wages plays a major role in the government budget decision. We finally apply these recommendations to French data.

Suggested Citation

  • Jean De Beir & Celine Emond & Yannick L'Horty & Laetitia Tuffery, 2015. "Protecting biodiversity by developing bio-jobs : A multi branch analysis with an application on French data," Working Papers halshs-01143494, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:halshs-01143494
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01143494
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Heal, Geoffrey, 2004. "Economics of biodiversity: an introduction," Resource and Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 26(2), pages 105-114, June.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Employment; biodiversity conservation; public policy;

    JEL classification:

    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
    • Q57 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Ecological Economics

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