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International Reserves versus External Debts : Can International reserves avoid future Financial Crisis in indebted Countries ?

  • Layal Mansour

    (GATE Lyon Saint-Etienne - Groupe d'analyse et de théorie économique - CNRS : UMR5824 - Université Lumière - Lyon II - École Normale Supérieure - Lyon)

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    The aim of this paper is to evaluate the economic consequences on the countries that on one hand protect themselves from future financial crises by accumulating international reserves (IR) while on the other hand expose themselves to severe financial crisis due to their excessive internal and/or external public debt. Using the Financial Stress Indicator (FSI) proposed by Balakrishnan et al (2009) and IMF -which cover several aspects of financial crisis- and by applying the Markov switching model with time varying, we estimated the probability whether an indebted country is vulnerable to crises despite its accumulation of IR -acting as a buffer stock and self-insurance-. We studied the case of five emerging countries in Asia and Latin America that had increased both of their IR and public debts, and found that debt had increased the likelihood for a country to suffer from financial crisis, however IR did not necessarily provide "Peace" in the indebted countries except of some exceptions. We conclude that although debt and international reserves have theoretically opposite economic concerns for a country, the deleterious effects of debts might outweigh in most cases the beneficial effects of IR

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    Paper provided by HAL in its series Working Papers with number halshs-00864899.

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    Date of creation: 23 Sep 2013
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    Handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:halshs-00864899
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    1. Maurice Obstfeld, 2004. "Globalization, Macroeconomic Performance, and the Exchange Rates of Emerging Economies," NBER Working Papers 10849, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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    12. Vidon, E., 2007. "L’accumulation de réserves de change est-elle un indicateur d’enrichissement d’une nation ?," Bulletin de la Banque de France, Banque de France, issue 161, pages 29-35.
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