Disparue entre les sables du Qatar et l'Amazonie équatorienne. La proposition Daly-Correa de gel du pétrole en terre (Initiative Yasuni-ITT)
This article presents the Daly-Correa proposal concerning taxation and international compensations to stop oil exploitation in the Equatorial Amazon -The Yasuni-ITT Initiative- until President Rafael Correa of Equator abandoned it, last August 15. Highly sensitive issues are involved: autochthones people's development, oil exporting countries policies, international governance, climate negotiations around keeping carbon in the subsoil and the internal fights around the Buen Vivir. Also at stake there is the political economy of all these issues, specially the positions and commitments of ecological economists. Author suggests that French diplomacy could place the Yasuni-ITT initiative in the Climate Conference agenda that will take place in Paris at end of 2015, adding to it the Daly-Correa proposition to tax exported oil and some policy measures concerning carbon. There is some scepticism around the feasibility and realism of this kind of international compensations, but it is necessary to discuss them in Paris. It is important not to abandon a double challenge: 1) keeping some quantity of carbon in the subsoil, 2) the issue of " development " - however defined and without adopting developmentalist naivetés - fully respectful of communities and populations. It is true also for climate that contemporary conflicts and negotiations move closer to societies and social actors who become crucial protagonists. It is necessary to incorporate those extra-state actors, even if they are buried in the core of Equatorial Amazon.
|Date of creation:||26 Aug 2013|
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