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Determinants of urban sprawl in European cities

Author

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  • Walid Oueslati

    () (Granem - Groupe de Recherche ANgevin en Economie et Management - UA - Université d'Angers - AGROCAMPUS OUEST - Institut National de l'Horticulture et du Paysage)

  • Seraphim Alvanides

    () (Geography and Built Environment, Northumbria University - Geography and Built Environment - University of Northumbira)

  • Guy Garrod

    () (Center for Rural Economy, University of Newcastle uponTyne - CRE - Centre for Rural Economy - University of Newcastle, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK)

Abstract

This paper provides empirical evidence that helps to answer several key questions relating to the extent and causes of urban sprawl in Europe. Building on the monocentric city model, this study uses existing data sources to derive a set of panel data for 282 European cities at three time points (1990, 2000 and 2006). Two indices of urban sprawl are calculated and respectively reflect changes in artificial area and the levels of urban fragementation for each city. These are supplemented by a set of data on various economic and geographical variables that might explain the variation of these indices. Estimating using a Hausman Taylor and random regressors to control the possible correlation between explanatory variables and unobservable city-level effects, we find that the fundamental conclusions of the standard monocentric model are valid in the European context for both indices. Although the variables generated by the monocentric model explain a large part of variation of artificial area, their explanatory power for the fragmentation is relatively low.

Suggested Citation

  • Walid Oueslati & Seraphim Alvanides & Guy Garrod, 2014. "Determinants of urban sprawl in European cities," Working Papers hal-00943319, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:hal-00943319 Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00943319
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Barbara Weilenmann & Tobias Schulz, 2014. "Socio-economic explanation of urban sprawl: Evidence from Switzerland, 1970-2010," ERSA conference papers ersa14p1188, European Regional Science Association.
    2. repec:eee:retrec:v:60:y:2016:i:c:p:25-34 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Jianglong Chen & Jinlong Gao & Feng Yuan & Yehua Dennis Wei, 2016. "Spatial Determinants of Urban Land Expansion in Globalizing Nanjing, China," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 8(9), pages 1-25, August.
    4. Ilias-Nikiforos Pasidis & Miquel-Àngel Garcia-López & Elisabet Viladecans-Marsal, 2015. "Express delivery to the suburbs. Transport Infrastructure and European cities," ERSA conference papers ersa15p1239, European Regional Science Association.
    5. Joseph DeSalvo & Qing Su, 2017. "Determinants of Urban Sprawl: A Panel Data Approach," Working Papers 0217, University of South Florida, Department of Economics.
    6. Florian W. Bartholomae & Chang Woon Nam & Alina Schoenberg, 2017. "Urban Resurgence as a Consumer City: A Case Study for Weimar in Eastern Germany," CESifo Working Paper Series 6610, CESifo Group Munich.
    7. Gianni Guastella & Stefano Pareglio & Paolo Sckokai, 2017. "A Spatial Econometric Analysis of Land Use Efficiency in Large and Small Municipalities," Working Papers 2017.03, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei.
    8. Salvati, Luca & Sateriano, Adele & Grigoriadis, Efstathios & Carlucci, Margherita, 2017. "New wine in old bottles: The (changing) socioeconomic attributes of sprawl during building boom and stagnation," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 131(C), pages 361-372.

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    Keywords

    Etalement urbain; villes européennes; échelle spatiale; modèle monocentrique; fragmentation urbaine; urban scattering; Urban sprawl; European cities; spatial scale; monocentric city model; urban scattering.;

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