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La restructuration de la géographie de l'industrie automobile en Europe dans les années 2000

  • Vincent Frigant

    ()

    (GREThA - Groupe de Recherche en Economie Théorique et Appliquée - CNRS - Université Montesquieu - Bordeaux 4)

  • Stéphane Miollan

    ()

    (GREThA - Groupe de Recherche en Economie Théorique et Appliquée - CNRS - Université Montesquieu - Bordeaux 4)

The aim of this paper is to provide a quantitative and macroeconomic picture of the new geography of the automobile industry in Europe. Since the integration of 10 new members in the European Union in 2004, the firms (carmakers and suppliers) have changed their location strategies and, now, they consider the whole Europe as a full integrated space. Thanks to data on employment, production, trade exchanges and foreign control of affiliated firms, we take the measure of the relocation process between East and West. In the first part, we study the motor vehicle sector. We show the sharp increase of the European eastern countries but also the specific role of Germany. Nevertheless, we must not forget that motor vehicle production is still a key economic activity for some large traditional countries of Western Europe. In the second part, we study the auto parts sector. The growth of central and eastern countries is more impressive in particular if we consider employment. This growth is mainly driven by foreign firms who export a large part of their local production. Nevertheless, the relocation process is selective (basically, work-intensive activities) and we observe the creation of embedded networks between East and West. We conclude with a summary of the main results and we call upon new works with microeconomic data.

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Paper provided by HAL in its series Working Papers with number hal-00935325.

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Date of creation: 23 Jan 2014
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Handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:hal-00935325
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  1. Klier, Thomas H. & McMillen, Dan, 2013. "Agglomeration in the European Automobile Supplier Industry," Working Paper Series WP-2013-15, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago.
  2. Jean-Bernard Layan & Yannick Lung, 2007. "Les nouvelles configurations de l'espace automobile méditerranéen," Post-Print hal-00150689, HAL.
  3. Vincent FRIGANT, 2013. "Une comparaison de l’internationalisation des chaînes d’approvisionnement automobiles allemande et française," Cahiers du GREThA 2013-09, Groupe de Recherche en Economie Théorique et Appliquée.
  4. Eric Rugraff, 2010. "Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) and Supplier-Oriented Upgrading in the Czech Motor Vehicle Industry," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 44(5), pages 627-638.
  5. Adelheid Holl & Rafael Pardo & Ruth Rama, 2010. "Just-in-Time Manufacturing Systems, Subcontracting and Geographic Proximity," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 44(5), pages 519-533.
  6. Timothy Sturgeon & Johannes Van Biesebroeck & Gary Gereffi, 2008. "Value chains, networks and clusters: reframing the global automotive industry," Journal of Economic Geography, Oxford University Press, vol. 8(3), pages 297-321, May.
  7. Petr Pavlínek & Jan Ženka, 2011. "Upgrading in the automotive industry: firm-level evidence from Central Europe," Journal of Economic Geography, Oxford University Press, vol. 11(3), pages 559-586, May.
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