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La restructuration de la géographie de l'industrie automobile en Europe dans les années 2000

Author

Listed:
  • Vincent Frigant

    () (GREThA - Groupe de Recherche en Economie Théorique et Appliquée - UB - Université de Bordeaux - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Stéphane Miollan

    () (GREThA - Groupe de Recherche en Economie Théorique et Appliquée - UB - Université de Bordeaux - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to provide a quantitative and macroeconomic picture of the new geography of the automobile industry in Europe. Since the integration of 10 new members in the European Union in 2004, the firms (carmakers and suppliers) have changed their location strategies and, now, they consider the whole Europe as a full integrated space. Thanks to data on employment, production, trade exchanges and foreign control of affiliated firms, we take the measure of the relocation process between East and West. In the first part, we study the motor vehicle sector. We show the sharp increase of the European eastern countries but also the specific role of Germany. Nevertheless, we must not forget that motor vehicle production is still a key economic activity for some large traditional countries of Western Europe. In the second part, we study the auto parts sector. The growth of central and eastern countries is more impressive in particular if we consider employment. This growth is mainly driven by foreign firms who export a large part of their local production. Nevertheless, the relocation process is selective (basically, work-intensive activities) and we observe the creation of embedded networks between East and West. We conclude with a summary of the main results and we call upon new works with microeconomic data.

Suggested Citation

  • Vincent Frigant & Stéphane Miollan, 2014. "La restructuration de la géographie de l'industrie automobile en Europe dans les années 2000," Working Papers hal-00935325, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:hal-00935325
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00935325
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Automotive; Deindustrialisation; Delocalization; Offshoring; Geography of industry; Europe; Automobile; géographie industrielle; délocalisations; désindustrialisation; Intégration européenne;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business
    • F62 - International Economics - - Economic Impacts of Globalization - - - Macroeconomic Impacts
    • L23 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Organization of Production
    • L62 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing - - - Automobiles; Other Transportation Equipment; Related Parts and Equipment
    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)

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