L'analytique et le synthétique en économie
The article aims at applying a classic distinction of the philosophy of science, i.e., that between analytical and synthetic propositions. After briefly reconsidering the theory of this distinction, it goes on applying it to two microeconomic examples (the definitions of Giffen goods and substitutes) and one macroeconomic example (the quantity equation in monetary theory). The paper concludes that the distinction makes it possible to clarify the economist's spontaneous distinctions, generally without upsetting them. In the case of substitutes, it highlights the difficulties of Hicks's definition.
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