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Revising the definition of research and development in the light of the specificities of services

Author

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  • Faridah Djellal

    (CLERSE - Centre Lillois d’Études et de Recherches Sociologiques et Économiques - UMR 8019 - Université de Lille - ULCO - Université du Littoral Côte d'Opale - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Dominique Francoz

    (Ministère de l’éducation nationale, Ministère de la recherche, Direction de la programmation et du développement)

  • Camal Gallouj

    (CLERSE - Centre Lillois d’Études et de Recherches Sociologiques et Économiques - UMR 8019 - Université de Lille - ULCO - Université du Littoral Côte d'Opale - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Faïz Gallouj

    (CLERSE - Centre Lillois d’Études et de Recherches Sociologiques et Économiques - UMR 8019 - Université de Lille - ULCO - Université du Littoral Côte d'Opale - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Yves Jacquin

    (Ministère de l’éducation nationale, Ministère de la recherche, Direction de la programmation et du développement)

Abstract

Research and Development (R&D) is underestimated in services. This article combines deductive and inductive approaches in order to formulate a new definition of R&D. However, the proposed revision does not fundamentally alter the structure of the current definition. The OECD definition is only marginally amended by making explicit certain implicit or insufficiently highlighted characteristics, in particular the importance of the social sciences and humanities and of design and development or organisational engineering, the composite nature of projects, etc. Our objective, indeed, is to attain a certain 'psychological' threshold that would mark our emancipation from the inertia of the still dominant industrialist and technologist approaches.

Suggested Citation

  • Faridah Djellal & Dominique Francoz & Camal Gallouj & Faïz Gallouj & Yves Jacquin, 2003. "Revising the definition of research and development in the light of the specificities of services," Post-Print halshs-01133147, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-01133147
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Hill, T P, 1977. "On Goods and Services," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 23(4), pages 315-338, December.
    2. Faïz Gallouj, 2002. "Innovation in the service economy: the new wealth of nations," Post-Print halshs-00198409, HAL.
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    Cited by:

    1. Djellal, Faridah & Gallouj, Faïz & Miles, Ian, 2013. "Two decades of research on innovation in services: Which place for public services?," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, vol. 27(C), pages 98-117.
    2. Faridah Djellal & Faïz Gallouj, 2009. "Innovation dans les services et entrepreneuriaT : au-delà des conceptions industrialistes et technologistes du développement durable," Innovations, De Boeck Université, vol. 0(1), pages 59-86.
    3. Faïz Gallouj & Maria Savona, 2009. "Innovation in services: a review of the debate and a research agenda," Journal of Evolutionary Economics, Springer, vol. 19(2), pages 149-172, April.
    4. Hipp, Christiane & Grupp, Hariolf, 2005. "Innovation in the service sector: The demand for service-specific innovation measurement concepts and typologies," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 34(4), pages 517-535, May.
    5. Mercedes Rodriguez & David Doloreux & Richard Shearmur, 2016. "Innovation strategies, innovator types and openness: a study of KIBS firms in Spain," Service Business, Springer;Pan-Pacific Business Association, vol. 10(3), pages 629-649, September.
    6. Faridah Djellal & Faïz Gallouj, 2007. "Innovation and Employment Effects in Services: A Review of the Literature and an Agenda for Research," The Service Industries Journal, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 27(3), pages 193-214, April.
    7. FaÏz Gallouj, 2012. "Service: innovation, performance and public policy," Working Papers hal-01111765, HAL.
    8. Faridah Djellal & Faïz Gallouj, 2007. "A model for analysing the innovation dynamic in services: the case of 'assembled' services," Post-Print halshs-01113871, HAL.
    9. Desmarchelier, Benoît & Djellal, Faridah & Gallouj, Faïz, 2013. "Knowledge intensive business services and long term growth," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, vol. 25(C), pages 188-205.
    10. Faridah Djellal & Faïz Gallouj, 2006. "The relationship between innovation and employment in services: A review of the literature and an agenda for research," Post-Print halshs-01113854, HAL.
    11. Faïz Gallouj & Marja Toivonen, 2011. "Elaborating the characteristics-based approach to service innovation: making the service process visible," Journal of Innovation Economics, De Boeck Université, vol. 0(2), pages 33-58.
    12. Faridah Djellal & Faïz Gallouj, 2007. "Les stratégies de productivité dans les services : assimilation, particularisme et intégration," Post-Print halshs-01113876, HAL.
    13. Faridah Djellal & Faïz Gallouj, 2005. "La relation innovation-emploi dans les services : un bilan et un agenda de recherche," Post-Print halshs-01113822, HAL.
    14. Faridah Djellal & FaÏz Gallouj, 2011. "Innovation dans les services, performance et politique publique," Post-Print halshs-00749594, HAL.
    15. Gallouj, Faïz, 2002. "Services innovation: assimilation, differentiation, inversion and integration," MPRA Paper 62174, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    16. Faridah Djellal & Faïz Gallouj, 2009. "Innovation gap, performance gap and policy gap in the service economies," Working Papers hal-01111800, HAL.
    17. Simone Strambach & Benjamin Klement, 2012. "The Organizational Decomposition of Innovation and Territorial Knowledge Dynamics: Insights from the German Software Industry," Chapters,in: Innovation and Institutional Embeddedness of Multinational Companies, chapter 8 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    18. Faridah Djellal & FaÏz Gallouj, 2006. "Un modèle d’analyse de la dynamique de l’innovation dans les services : le cas des services de types architecturaux," Post-Print halshs-01114094, HAL.
    19. David Doloreux & Nabil Amara & Réjean Landry, 2008. "Mapping Regional and Sectoral Characteristics of Knowledge-Intensive Business Services: Evidence from the Province of Quebec (Canada)," Growth and Change, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 39(3), pages 464-496.
    20. Faridah Djellal & Faïz Gallouj, 2010. "The Innovation Gap and the Performance Gap in the Service Economies: A Problem for Public Policy," Chapters,in: The Handbook of Innovation and Services, chapter 27 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    21. Benoît Desmarchelier & Faïz Gallouj, 2010. "Endogenous growth and environmental policy: are the processes of growth and tertiarisation in developed economies reversible? An evolutionary perspective," Working Papers hal-01111789, HAL.
    22. Faridah Djellal & Faïz Gallouj, 2008. "L'innovation gap et le performance gap dans les économies de services : un défi pour les politiques publiques," Post-Print halshs-01113900, HAL.

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