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La gouvernance régionale du transport ferroviaire de voyageur en France : une approche par la méthode des comptes de surplus

  • Christian Desmaris

    (IEP Lyon - Sciences Po Lyon - Institut d'études politiques de Lyon, LET - Laboratoire d'économie des transports - UL2 - Université Lumière - Lyon 2 - École Nationale des Travaux Publics de l'État [ENTPE] - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

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    Ten years ago, the SRU law initiated an ambivalent reform of the railway system of passenger transport in France. It preserves the monopoly of operation of the historical operator, but transfers the political responsibility for organizing the regional railway system to the regions. The economic theory suggests that the monopoly led to a revenue capture. With the surplus accounts method, which will be displayed on the SNCF-TER billing account, we can show that, on this initial stage, the Infrastructure Manager (RFF) has been the main beneficiary of the total available surplus, far ahead from the passenger who might benefit from the rail regionalization. The effect on local communities is more equivocal. If the regions have been able to control the border price of the operating subsidy, tolls excepted, they had to yield significant benefits for the rolling stock modernization. A more detailed approach shows how each region is a particular "TER economic model" ruled by a specific mode of governance.

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    Paper provided by HAL in its series Post-Print with number halshs-00582461.

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    Date of creation: 2011
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    Publication status: Published in Revue d'Economie Régionale et Urbaine, ADICUEER, 2011, pp. 39-79
    Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-00582461
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    1. Laurent Guihéry, 2005. "Régionalisation ferroviaire et conventions régions-SNCF : quels enjeux et quelles perspectives ?," Post-Print halshs-00109880, HAL.
    2. Bruno Faivre d'Arcier, 2002. "Les premiers pas de la régionalisation ferroviaire," Post-Print halshs-00088765, HAL.
    3. Jean Bergougnoux & Luc Baumstark & Nicole Jestin-Fleury, 2000. "Services publics en réseau : perspectives de concurrence et nouvelles régulations. Rapport du groupe présidé par Jean Bergougnoux," Post-Print halshs-00181367, HAL.
    4. Kessides, Ioannis N. & Willig, Robert D., 1995. "Restructuring regulation of the rail industry for the public interest," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1506, The World Bank.
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