La gouvernance régionale du transport ferroviaire de voyageurs en France : une approche par la méthode des comptes de surplus
Ten years ago, the SRU law initiated an ambivalent reform of the railway system of passenger transport in France. It preserves the monopoly of operation of the historical operator, but transfers the political responsibility for organizing the regional railway system to the regions. The economic theory suggests that the monopoly led to a revenue capture. With the surplus accounts method, which will be displayed on the SNCF-TER billing account, we can show that, on this initial stage, the Infrastructure Manager (RFF) has been the main beneficiary of the total available surplus, far ahead from the passenger who might benefit from the rail regionalization. The effect on local communities is more equivocal. If the regions have been able to control the border price of the operating subsidy, tolls excepted, they had to yield significant benefits for the rolling stock modernization. A more detailed approach shows how each region is a particular ?TER economic model? ruled by a specific mode of governance.
Volume (Year): février (2011)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
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References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Laurent Guihéry, 2005. "Régionalisation ferroviaire et conventions régions-SNCF : quels enjeux et quelles perspectives ?," Post-Print halshs-00109880, HAL.
- Kessides, Ioannis N. & Willig, Robert D., 1995. "Restructuring regulation of the rail industry for the public interest," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1506, The World Bank.
- Jean Bergougnoux & Luc Baumstark & Nicole Jestin-Fleury, 2000. "Services publics en réseau : perspectives de concurrence et nouvelles régulations. Rapport du groupe présidé par Jean Bergougnoux," Post-Print halshs-00181367, HAL.
- Bruno Faivre d'Arcier, 2002. "Les premiers pas de la régionalisation ferroviaire," Post-Print halshs-00088765, HAL.
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