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Informatique, organisation du travail et interactions sociales

Author

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  • N. Greenan

    ()

  • Emmanuelle Walkowiak

    () (LEO - Laboratoire d'économie d'Orleans - UO - Université d'Orléans - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

Abstract

[ger] Informatik, Arbeitsorganisation und soziale Wechselwirkungen. Die komplementären Beziehungen zwischen einerseits Einsatz der Informatik und innovativen Organisationspraktiken und andererseits den Auswahlprinzipien, die ihrer Verbreitung auf der Ebene der Workstations zugrunde liegen, müssen in einem einheitlichen Rahmen analysiert werden. Die gemeinsamen Prinzipien bei der Auswahl der Informatik und das organisatorische Design der Workstation hängen von der Konfi guration des Netzes sozialer Wechselwirkungen innerhalb eines Betriebs ab. Diese soziale Struktur der Wechselwirkung wird mit Bezug auf das Konzept des Gesellschaftskapitals (Humankapital, zu dem ein Einzelner Zugang haben kann, wenn er mit anderen zusammenarbeitet) analysiert. Da dieses nicht direkt gemessen werden kann, gehen wir davon aus, dass es eine Rolle spielt, wenn die kategorielle Zugehörigkeit des Arbeitnehmers oder die soziodemographische Zusammensetzung der Arbeitskräfte des Unternehmens die Modernisierung der Workstations beeinfl ussen. Unterschieden wird dann bei der Komplementarität von Technologie und Organisation zwischen dem, was eine reine Koordinierung der Entscheidungen bei diesen beiden Dimensionen darstellt, und dem, was als Wahl der Arbeitnehmer zu betrachten ist. Die anhand der Teils "Arbeitnehmer“ der Untersuchung Organisatorische Veränderungen und Informatik von 1997 durchgeführten Tests ermöglichen eine Überprüfung zweier Annahmen. Zum einen fördert das Gesellschaftskapital der Arbeitnehmer deren Zugang zu den Computern und ganz allgemein zu den Informations-und Kommunikationstechniken (IKT) sowie zu den Workstations mit innovativen Produktions-und Informationsmerkmalen. Zum anderen lassen sich die komplementären Beziehungen, die man an der Workstation zwischen dem Einsatz der IKT und den innovativen Organisationsmerkmalen misst, zum Teil mit diesem gemeinsamen Grundsatz der Selektion durch das Gesellschaftskapital bei der technologischen und organisatorischen Moderni
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Suggested Citation

  • N. Greenan & Emmanuelle Walkowiak, 2005. "Informatique, organisation du travail et interactions sociales," Post-Print halshs-00257882, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-00257882
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00257882
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    Cited by:

    1. Amel ATTOUR, 2012. "Le développement des TIC dans et par les collectivités locales françaises: une analyse à travers les trois dimensions interdépendantes d’un territoire numérique THE DEVELOPMENT OF ICT IN AND FROM FREN," Working Papers 24, Réseau de Recherche sur l’Innovation. / Research Network on Innovation.
    2. Emmanuelle Walkowiak, 2006. "Renouvellement de la main-d'œuvre et modernisation des entreprises," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 57(6), pages 1205-1233.
    3. Danielle Galliano & Pascale Roux, 2006. "Les inégalités spatiales dans l'usage des tic. Le cas des firmes industrielles françaises," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 57(6), pages 1449-1475.
    4. Nathalie Greenan & Emmanuelle Walkowiak, 2005. "Informatique, organisation du travail et interactions sociales," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 387(1), pages 35-63.
    5. Ludivine Martin, 2011. "The effects of ICT use on employee's motivations: an empirical evaluation," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 31(2), pages 1592-1605.
    6. Jacques, Jean-François & Walkowiak, Emmanuelle, 2009. "Low wages and high unemployment rates: The role of social interactions in hiring discrimination," Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics (formerly The Journal of Socio-Economics), Elsevier, vol. 38(3), pages 456-463, June.
    7. Aissaoui, Najeh & Ben Hassen, Lobna, 2015. "Skill-biased Technological Change, E-skills and Wage Inequality: Evidence from Tunisia," MPRA Paper 76551, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 29 Jun 2015.
    8. Nathalie Greenan & Edward Lorenz, 2009. "Learning Organisations: the importance of work organisation for innovation," Working Papers halshs-01376968, HAL.
    9. Gerten, Elisa & Beckmann, Michael & Bellmann, Lutz, 2018. "Controlling working crowds: The impact of digitalization on worker autonomy and monitoring across hierarchical levels," Working papers 2018/09, Faculty of Business and Economics - University of Basel.
    10. Philippe Zamora, 2006. "Changements organisationnels, technologiques et recours à la formation dans les entreprises industrielles," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 57(6), pages 1235-1257.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Informatique; organisation; travail; interactions; sociales;

    JEL classification:

    • L23 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Organization of Production
    • O33 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes

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