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Écosystèmes et modèles d'affaires

Author

Listed:
  • Amel Attour
  • Thierry Burger-Helmchen

    (BETA - Bureau d'Économie Théorique et Appliquée - INRA - Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique - UNISTRA - Université de Strasbourg - UL - Université de Lorraine - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

Abstract

Ce numéro thématique propose une analyse des modèles d'affaires et des écosystèmes d'affaires basée simultanément sur les outils de la science économique et de la science de gestion. Il présente des travaux de recherche qui, à l'appui d'une approche originale couplant les concepts de modèles d'affaires et d'écosystèmes d'affaires, analysent la manière dont un système économique fait face à son environnement concurrentiel via l'innovation. À travers ces travaux, l'objectif de ce numéro est de montrer que la mobilisation jointe des concepts de modèles d'affaires et d'écosystèmes d'affaires facilite l'analyse des nouveaux processus d'innovation comme la compréhension de la manière dont un système économique est organisé, géré ou évolue. Les communautés de chercheurs qui se sont tour à tour intéressés aux modèles d'affaires de l'innovation, à son écosystème, au management des droits de propriété de ses composantes, à ses effets d'apprentissage, etc., se sont pour la plupart intéressées à la manière dont un système économique adapte sa stratégie d'innovation à son environnement concurrentiel. Leurs travaux mobilisent cependant isolément soit le concept de modèle d'affaires, soit le concept d'écosystème d'affaires. Le présent numéro thématique cherche à montrer qu'au contraire, appréhender les dynamiques concurrentielles à l'œuvre et la manière dont les entreprises y font face appelle à une analyse jointe du modèle d'affaires et de l'écosystème de l'organisation ou du système étudié. Comme nous l'apprend la théorie des systèmes d'innovation (Carlsson et Stankiewicz, 1991 ; Dosi et al., 1988), les connexions entre les acteurs de la connaissance jouent un rôle central dans le succès, la performance, le développement et la pérennité d'un système économique.

Suggested Citation

  • Amel Attour & Thierry Burger-Helmchen, 2014. "Écosystèmes et modèles d'affaires," Post-Print hal-02153063, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-02153063
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02153063
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Iveta Šimberová & Peter Kita, 2020. "New Business Models Based on Multiple Value Creation for the Customer: A Case Study in the Chemical Industry," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 12(9), pages 1-18, May.

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