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La recherche de bonnes règles sociales: objet de science et de choix démocratique ? Le cas de Friedrich Hayek

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  • Régis Servant


    (PHARE - Pôle d'Histoire de l'Analyse et des Représentations Economiques - CNRS - UP10 - Université Paris 10, Paris Ouest Nanterre La Défense - UP1 - Université Panthéon-Sorbonne)

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    This paper studies the economic and social thought of Friedrich Hayek, a leading figure of contemporary liberalism. Our goal is to present the broad lines of hayekian liberalism to describe its position on a specific question: that of the role of democracy in the determination of what constitutes a good society. By society, we mean, according to Hayek, the institutions - rules of conduct/constitution - which men, as social beings, can consider in their reciprocal relationships. The goal is thus one of knowing the place Hayek grants to democracy in the definition of good social rules i.e.: Is Hayek in favor of constitutional democracy? Our answer is no. In contrast to James Buchanan and Viktor Vanberg, Hayek challenges citizen sovereignty on constitutional matters. And this, because he considers that this field concerns scientific analysis rather than democratic choice.

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    Paper provided by HAL in its series Post-Print with number hal-00641440.

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    Date of creation: 01 Dec 2010
    Publication status: Published in Economie et Société (Presses de l'ISMEA), 2010, 44 (12), pp. 1955-1996
    Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-00641440
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    1. Vanberg, Viktor J., 2008. "On the complementarity of liberalism and democracy – a reading of F.A. Hayek and J.M. Buchanan," Journal of Institutional Economics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 4(02), pages 139-161, August.
    2. Alain Marciano, 2009. "Buchanan’s constitutional political economy: exchange vs. choice in economics and in politics," Constitutional Political Economy, Springer, vol. 20(1), pages 42-56, March.
    3. Boettke, Peter, 2011. "Teaching economics, appreciating spontaneous order, and economics as a public science," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 80(2), pages 265-274.
    4. Witt, Ulrich, 1992. "The Endogenous Public Choice Theorist," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 73(1), pages 117-129, January.
    5. Dasgupta, Partha, 1980. "Decentralization and Rights," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 47(186), pages 107-123, May.
    6. Charles W. Baird, 1989. "James Buchanan and the Austrians: The Common Ground," Cato Journal, Cato Journal, Cato Institute, vol. 9(1), pages 201-230, Spring/Su.
    7. Viktor Vanberg, 2000. "Globalization, Democracy, and Citizens' Sovereignty: Can Competition Among Governments Enhance Democracy? 1," Constitutional Political Economy, Springer, vol. 11(1), pages 87-112, March.
    8. Sen, Amartya Kumar, 1970. "The Impossibility of a Paretian Liberal," Scholarly Articles 3612779, Harvard University Department of Economics.
    9. Sen, Amartya, 1970. "The Impossibility of a Paretian Liberal," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 78(1), pages 152-157, Jan.-Feb..
    10. Sandra Peart & David Levy, 2008. "Discussion, construction and evolution: Mill, Buchanan and Hayek on the constitutional order," Constitutional Political Economy, Springer, vol. 19(1), pages 3-18, March.
    11. Buchanan, James M, 1975. "A Contractarian Paradigm for Applying Economic Theory," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 65(2), pages 225-230, May.
    12. Buchanan, James M, 1988. "Contractarian Political Economy and Constitutional Interpretation," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 78(2), pages 135-139, May.
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