L'économie des discriminations " peut-elle se passer d'une " philosophie économique des discriminations ?
Since the 1950's, Nobel Prize economists such as Akerlof, Arrow, Becker, Heckman, Phelps and Stiglitz have analyzed discrimination in an economic framework, essentially in a "positive" perspective. The two seminal models - Becker's model based on a "taste for discrimination" and Arrow and Phelps' theories of "statistical discrimination" - give two different answers to the implicit question of efficiency. Discrimination is inefficient - by assumption - in Becker's work because it's a "non-monetary cost", whereas discrimination could be efficient - in some cases - in statistical discrimination models. When discrimination is efficient, the normative basis disappears and no political recommendations could be made. The eficiency criterion is not sufficient to analyze discrimination both in a "positive" and in a "normative" perspective. The paper discusses two principles to renew this analysis : 1) individuals make choice using normative criteria ; 2) the non-discrimination principle is lexically prior to an efficiency criterion.
|Date of creation:||Oct 2012|
|Publication status:||Published in Documents de travail du Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne 2012.68 - ISSN : 1955-611X. 2012|
|Note:||View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00748511|
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- Ayres, Ian & Siegelman, Peter, 1995. "Race and Gender Discrimination in Bargaining for a New Car," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 85(3), pages 304-321, June.
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