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L'économie des discriminations " peut-elle se passer d'une " philosophie économique des discriminations ?


  • Cléo Chassonnery-Zaïgouche

    () (CES - Centre d'économie de la Sorbonne - UP1 - Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)


Since the 1950's, Nobel Prize economists such as Akerlof, Arrow, Becker, Heckman, Phelps and Stiglitz have analyzed discrimination in an economic framework, essentially in a "positive" perspective. The two seminal models - Becker's model based on a "taste for discrimination" and Arrow and Phelps' theories of "statistical discrimination" - give two different answers to the implicit question of efficiency. Discrimination is inefficient - by assumption - in Becker's work because it's a "non-monetary cost", whereas discrimination could be efficient - in some cases - in statistical discrimination models. When discrimination is efficient, the normative basis disappears and no political recommendations could be made. The eficiency criterion is not sufficient to analyze discrimination both in a "positive" and in a "normative" perspective. The paper discusses two principles to renew this analysis : 1) individuals make choice using normative criteria ; 2) the non-discrimination principle is lexically prior to an efficiency criterion.

Suggested Citation

  • Cléo Chassonnery-Zaïgouche, 2012. " L'économie des discriminations " peut-elle se passer d'une " philosophie économique des discriminations ? ," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) halshs-00748511, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:cesptp:halshs-00748511
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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Ayres, Ian & Siegelman, Peter, 1995. "Race and Gender Discrimination in Bargaining for a New Car," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 85(3), pages 304-321, June.
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    More about this item


    économie positive; Discrimination; discrimination statistique; critère d'efficacité; philosophie économique; économie normative; économie positive.; statistical discrimination; normative economics; positive economics.;

    JEL classification:

    • A13 - General Economics and Teaching - - General Economics - - - Relation of Economics to Social Values
    • J7 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination
    • B40 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - Economic Methodology - - - General
    • B41 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - Economic Methodology - - - Economic Methodology

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