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Comment expliquer la permanence de l'artisanat dans le transport fluvial de marchandises ?

Author

Listed:
  • Marianne Fischman

    () (CES - Centre d'économie de la Sorbonne - UP1 - Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Emeric Lendjel

    () (CES - Centre d'économie de la Sorbonne - UP1 - Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

Abstract

Dans le transport fluvial de marchandises, la batellerie artisanale a depuis longtemps dominé en nombre. Ce phénomène est surprenant à plus d'un titre. Tout d'abord parce que les bateliers sont particulièrement touchés par la crise qui frappe le secteur. Ensuite parce que celui-ci se caractérise par un fort mouvement de concentration depuis 1975, auquel la batellerie artisanale n'échappe pas, avec la création de coopératives d'artisans bateliers. Enfin, parce que les artisans ne disposent pas des meilleurs atouts économiques comparativement aux compagnies fluviales. Plusieurs explications peuvent être avancées. Des raisons historiques institutionnelles éclairent en partie ce phénomène. Des arguments théoriques, relatifs aux rendements d'échelle dans les industries de réseaux (les économies liées à la taille du réseau, les économies de densité et les économies d'envergure) complètent cet éclairage. Associés à l'environnement réglementaire actuel, ils permettent de comprendre pourquoi le secteur trouve son intérêt dans la permanence de la batellerie artisanale.

Suggested Citation

  • Marianne Fischman & Emeric Lendjel, 2010. "Comment expliquer la permanence de l'artisanat dans le transport fluvial de marchandises ?," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) halshs-00582556, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:cesptp:halshs-00582556 Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00582556
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. William J. Baumol & Dietrich Fischer, 1978. "Cost-Minimizing Number of Firms and Determination of Industry Structure," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 92(3), pages 439-467.
    2. Bailey, Elizabeth E & Friedlaender, Ann F, 1982. "Market Structure and Multiproduct Industries," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 20(3), pages 1024-1048, September.
    3. Baumol, William J, 1977. "On the Proper Cost Tests for Natural Monopoly in a Multiproduct Industry," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 67(5), pages 809-822, December.
    4. Eccles, Robert G., 1981. "The quasifirm in the construction industry," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 2(4), pages 335-357, December.
    5. John C. Panzar & Robert D. Willig, 1977. "Economies of Scale in Multi-Output Production," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 91(3), pages 481-493.
    6. Benito Arruñada & Manuel González-Díaz & Alberto Fernández, 2004. "Determinants of organizational form: transaction costs and institutions in the European trucking industry," Industrial and Corporate Change, Oxford University Press, vol. 13(6), pages 867-882, December.
    7. Leonard W. Weiss, 1964. "The Survival Technique and the Extent of Suboptimal Capacity," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 72, pages 246-246.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Transport fluvial; batellerie artisanale; structure de l'offre;

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