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Global Imbalances and Capital Account Openness: an Empirical Analysis

  • Jamel Saadaoui

    ()

    (CEPN - Centre d'Economie de l'Université Paris Nord - CNRS : UMR7234 - Université Paris 13 - Université Sorbonne Paris Cité (USPC))

We investigate if capital account openness has played a major role in the evolution of global imbalances on the period 1980-2003. We estimate, with panel regression techniques, the impact of capital account openness on medium run current account imbalances for industrialized and emerging countries by using a de jure measure of capital account openness (the Chinn-Ito index of capital account openness, 2002, 2006) and a de facto measure of capital account openness (the gross foreign assets measured as the sum of foreign assets and foreign liabilities). By increasing the opportunities of overseas investments, the relative capital account openness has had positive impact on medium run current account balances of industrialized countries (because of downward pressures on domestic investment rates). Conversely, the relative capital account openness has had negative impact on medium run current account balances of emerging countries (because of upward pressures on domestic investment rates). The evolutions of domestic and foreign capital account openness have allowed increasing medium run current account balances in absolute value during this period.

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Paper provided by HAL in its series CEPN Working Papers with number halshs-00641456.

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Date of creation: 15 Nov 2011
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Handle: RePEc:hal:cepnwp:halshs-00641456
Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: http://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00641456
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  1. Chinn, Menzie D. & Ito, Hiro, 2006. "What matters for financial development? Capital controls, institutions, and interactions," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 81(1), pages 163-192, October.
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  8. Hiro Ito & Menzie Chinn, 2007. "East Asia and Global Imbalances: Saving, Investment, and Financial Development," NBER Working Papers 13364, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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