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Banking panics and protracted recessions

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  • Sanches, Daniel R.

    (Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia)

Abstract

This paper develops a dynamic model of bank liquidity provision to characterize the ex post efficient policy response to a banking panic and study its implications for the behavior of output in the aftermath of a panic. It is shown that the trajectory of real output following a panic episode crucially depends on the cost of converting long-term assets into liquid funds. For small values of this liquidation cost, the recession associated with a banking panic is protracted. For intermediate values, the recession is more severe but short lived. For relatively large values, the contemporaneous decline in real output in the event of a panic is substantial but followed by a vigorous rebound in real activity above the long-run level. The author argues that these theoretical predictions are consistent with the observed disparity in crisis-related output losses.

Suggested Citation

  • Sanches, Daniel R., 2015. "Banking panics and protracted recessions," Working Papers 15-39, Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia.
  • Handle: RePEc:fip:fedpwp:15-39
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Banking panic; Deposit contract; Suspension of convertibility; Time-consistent policy;

    JEL classification:

    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • E42 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Monetary Sytsems; Standards; Regimes; Government and the Monetary System
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages

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