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Individual and Aggregate Constrained Efficient Intertemporal Wedges in Dynamic Mirrleesian Economies

Author

Listed:
  • Chen, Yunmin

    (Institute of Economics, Academia Sinica)

  • Chien, YiLi

    () (Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis)

  • Yang, C.C.

    (Institute of Economics, Academia Sinica)

Abstract

Assuming a neoclassical production technology, this paper characterizes constrained efficient intertemporal wedges for the macro aggregate as well as the micro individual allocation of dynamic Mirrleesian economies. We first construct “Pareto-Negishi weights” from the multipliers on a sequence of temporary incentive constraints. For a fairly general stochastic process of idiosyncratic productivity shocks, we show that the evolution of the Pareto-Negishi weight associated with agents’ consumption is a nonnegative martingale. This powerful property enables us to deliver three contributions to the literature. First, we demonstrate that several celebrated constrained efficient intertemporal results of the individual allocation in the literature can be all attributed to originating from the nonnegative martingale property of consumption Pareto-Negishi weights. Second, we address optimal distortion for the aggregate allocation and establish that the constrained efficient intertemporal wedge for aggregate saving will be negative or positive, depending on whether the intertemporal elasticity of substitution is elastic or inelastic. This result is another application of the nonnegative martingale property. Third, we show how the nonnegative martingale property is modified in the presence of additional frictions and shed new light on incorporating different types of constraints documented in the literature.

Suggested Citation

  • Chen, Yunmin & Chien, YiLi & Yang, C.C., 2015. "Individual and Aggregate Constrained Efficient Intertemporal Wedges in Dynamic Mirrleesian Economies," Working Papers 2015-43, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, revised 01 Apr 2016.
  • Handle: RePEc:fip:fedlwp:2015-043
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Intertemporal wedges; Nonnegative martingale; Inverse Euler equation; Immiseration;

    JEL classification:

    • D82 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Asymmetric and Private Information; Mechanism Design
    • E21 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Consumption; Saving; Wealth
    • H21 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Efficiency; Optimal Taxation

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