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House prices, heterogeneous banks and unconventional monetary policy options

Author

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  • Smith, Andrew Lee

    () (Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City)

Abstract

This paper develops a nancial mechanism which integrates housing and the real econ- omy through housing-secured debt. In this environment, movements in home prices are ampli ed through both borrowers and banks' balance sheets, leading to a self-reinforcing credit/liquidity crunch. When placed within a traditional business cycle model, this - financial structure quantitatively captures empirical relationships the traditional nancial accelerator mechanism struggles to explain and the qualitative predictions of the model are consistent with dynamic responses from a VAR. The model provides a framework to examine the ability of QE policies and equity injections into big banks to mitigate a housing bust. Although both are e ective, the nuances of the policies are important. A prolonged asset purchase program is preferable to a short-term equity injection; however, the model suggests the equity injections may have been necessary to prevent an economic collapse at the acute stage of the 2008 Financial Crisis.

Suggested Citation

  • Smith, Andrew Lee, 2014. "House prices, heterogeneous banks and unconventional monetary policy options," Research Working Paper RWP 14-12, Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City.
  • Handle: RePEc:fip:fedkrw:rwp14-12
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    2. Peter Breuer, 2000. "Measuring off-Balance-Sheet Leverage," IMF Working Papers 00/202, International Monetary Fund.
    3. Arvind Krishnamurthy & Annette Vissing-Jorgensen, 2011. "The Effects of Quantitative Easing on Interest Rates: Channels and Implications for Policy," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 42(2 (Fall)), pages 215-287.
    4. Kydland, Finn E & Prescott, Edward C, 1982. "Time to Build and Aggregate Fluctuations," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 50(6), pages 1345-1370, November.
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    Cited by:

    1. Signe Rosenberg, 2018. "The Effects of Conventional and Unconventional Monetary Policy on House Prices in the Scandinavian Countries," TUT Economic Research Series 44, Department of Finance and Economics, Tallinn University of Technology.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Financial Crises; Financial Frictions; Unconventional Monetary Policy; Housing;

    JEL classification:

    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • G01 - Financial Economics - - General - - - Financial Crises
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages

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