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Options, Equity Risks, and the Value of Capital Structure Adjustments

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  • Paul Borochin
  • Jie Yang

Abstract

We use exchange-traded options to identify risks relevant to capital structure adjustments in firms. These forward-looking market-based risk measures provide significant explanatory power in predicting net leverage changes in excess of accounting data. They matter most during contractionary periods and for growth firms. We form market-based indices that capture firms' magnitudes of, and propensity for, net leverage increases. Firms with larger predicted leverage increases outperform firms with lower predicted increases by 3.1% to 3.9% per year in buy-and-hold abnormal returns. Finally, consistent with the quality, leverage, and distress risk puzzles, firms with lower predicted leverage increases are riskier but earn lower abnormal returns.

Suggested Citation

  • Paul Borochin & Jie Yang, 2016. "Options, Equity Risks, and the Value of Capital Structure Adjustments," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2016-097, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (US).
  • Handle: RePEc:fip:fedgfe:2016-97
    DOI: 10.17016/FEDS.2016.097
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    File URL: https://www.federalreserve.gov/econresdata/feds/2016/files/2016097pap.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Paul Borochin & Jie Yang, 2016. "The Effects of Institutional Investor Objectives on Firm Valuation and Governance," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2016-088, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (US).

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Capital Structure; Financial Leverage; Options; Implied Volatility;

    JEL classification:

    • G30 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - General
    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill
    • G12 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Asset Pricing; Trading Volume; Bond Interest Rates
    • G14 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Information and Market Efficiency; Event Studies; Insider Trading

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