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How Did Young Firms Fare During the Great Recession? Evidence from the Kauffman Firm Survey

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Abstract

We examine the evolution of several key firm economic and financial variables in the years surrounding and during the Great Recession using the Kauffman Firm Survey, a large panel of young firms founded in 2004 and surveyed for eight consecutive years. We find that these young firms experienced slower growth in revenues, employment, and assets and faced tighter financing conditions during the recessionary years. While we find some evidence that firm growth picked up following the recession, it is not clear that it returned to the levels it would have been absent the recessionary shock. We find little evidence that financing conditions for young firms loosened following the recession and show that financing constraints, in addition to diminished demand, may have contributed to these firms' slower growth. We discuss the strengths and the limitations of the Kauffman Firm Survey in measuring the impact of the Great Recession on young firms and their founders and consider features of future data collection and measurement efforts that would be useful in studying entrepreneurial activity over the business cycle.

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  • Tiantian Yang & Rebecca Zarutskie, 2015. "How Did Young Firms Fare During the Great Recession? Evidence from the Kauffman Firm Survey," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2015-85, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
  • Handle: RePEc:fip:fedgfe:2015-85
    DOI: 10.17016/FEDS.2015.085
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    Cited by:

    1. Power Bernadette & Ryan Geraldine & Doran Justin, 2020. "A micro-analysis of Irish firm deaths during the financial crisis (2006–2010)," The Irish Journal of Management, Sciendo, vol. 39(1), pages 1-16, August.
    2. Brixy, Udo & Murmann, Martin, 2016. "The growth and human capital structure of new firms over the business cycle," IAB-Discussion Paper 201642, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
    3. Laura Liu, 2017. "Density Forecasts in Panel Models: A semiparametric Bayesian Perspective," PIER Working Paper Archive 17-006, Penn Institute for Economic Research, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania, revised 28 Apr 2017.
    4. Murmann, Martin, 2017. "The Growth and Human Capital Structure of New Firms over the Business Cycle," VfS Annual Conference 2017 (Vienna): Alternative Structures for Money and Banking 168290, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
    5. Lucia Foster & Patrice Norman, 2015. "The Annual Survey of Entrepreneurs: An Introduction," Working Papers 15-40r, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.
    6. Lucia Foster & Patrice Norman, 2015. "The Annual Survey of Entrepreneurs: An Introduction," Working Papers 15-40, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.
    7. Hanspal, Tobin, 2016. "The effect of personal financing disruptions on entrepreneurship," SAFE Working Paper Series 161, Leibniz Institute for Financial Research SAFE.

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    Keywords

    Entrepreneurship; Financing constraints; Firm performance; Great Recession; Young firms;
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