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Housing policy and poverty in Springfield

Author

Listed:
  • Lynn E. Browne
  • Marques Benton
  • Prabal Chakrabarti
  • Sol Carbonell
  • DeAnna Green
  • Yolanda Kodrzycki
  • Ana Patricia Muñoz
  • Anna Steiger
  • Richard Walker
  • Bo Zhao

Abstract

This essay considers whether housing policies may have contributed to the concentration of poverty in downtown Springfield, Massachusetts – a question that emerged in conversations with local leaders. Springfield is not alone in having large numbers of lower income households living downtown. This pattern is common in American cities. Recent research emphasizes the role of public transportation in causing lower income households to live closer to downtown. However, spillover effects and government policies, including housing policies, have reinforced this tendency. The essay reviews federal housing policy, with a focus on Springfield. A dilemma for Springfield today is that housing and community development policies and resources tend to reflect the needs of communities with strong housing markets where preserving affordable housing is critical. In Springfield, with a much weaker housing market, these policies may perpetuate the status quo. A higher priority for Springfield is attracting a more economically diverse population.

Suggested Citation

  • Lynn E. Browne & Marques Benton & Prabal Chakrabarti & Sol Carbonell & DeAnna Green & Yolanda Kodrzycki & Ana Patricia Muñoz & Anna Steiger & Richard Walker & Bo Zhao, 2011. "Housing policy and poverty in Springfield," Public and Community Affairs Discussion Papers 2011-1, Federal Reserve Bank of Boston.
  • Handle: RePEc:fip:fedbpc:2011-1
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    File URL: http://www.bostonfed.org/commdev/pcadp/2011/pcadp1101.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Edward L. Glaeser & Matthew E. Kahn & Jordan Rappaport, 2000. "Why Do The Poor Live In Cities?," Harvard Institute of Economic Research Working Papers 1891, Harvard - Institute of Economic Research.
    2. Edward L. Glaeser & Joseph Gyourko, 2005. "Urban Decline and Durable Housing," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 113(2), pages 345-375, April.
    3. Brueckner, Jan K. & Thisse, Jacques-Francois & Zenou, Yves, 1999. "Why is central Paris rich and downtown Detroit poor?: An amenity-based theory," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 43(1), pages 91-107, January.
    4. Glaeser, Edward L. & Kahn, Matthew E. & Rappaport, Jordan, 2008. "Why do the poor live in cities The role of public transportation," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 63(1), pages 1-24, January.
    5. repec:cor:louvrp:-1370 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. LeRoy, Stephen F. & Sonstelie, Jon, 1983. "Paradise lost and regained: Transportation innovation, income, and residential location," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 13(1), pages 67-89, January.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

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    Keywords

    Housing policy ; Housing policy - Massachusetts ; Poverty - Massachusetts ; Transportation;

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