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Impactos da Nova Lei de Pisos Salariais Estaduais

  • Moura, Rodrigo Leandro de
  • Neri, Marcelo Cortes

Em 2000, o governo federal fixou uma lei que permitia as Unidades Federativas fixarem pisos salariais acima do salário mínimo, representando uma oportunidade privilegiada de avaliação dos seus impactos. A nova lei oferece uma fonte de variabilidade potencialmente exógena além de isolar os efeitos de mudanças do salário mínimo sobre a demanda de trabalho dos impactos fiscais exercidos no contexto brasileiro. Inicialmente, testamos a efetividade da lei, utilizando logits multinomiais aplicados a PNAD/IBGE a fim de calcular a probabilidade de acumulação de massa de salários abaixo, igual e acima dos pisos estaduais. Posteriormente, aplicamos regressões quantílicas para diferenças de salários e de ocupação antes e depois da aplicação da lei comparando grupos de tratamento e controle através de dados longitudinais da PME/IBGE. Os resultados demonstram uma baixa efetividade e um alto descumprimento da lei nos estados aonde foi aplicada.

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Paper provided by FGV/EPGE Escola Brasileira de Economia e Finanças, Getulio Vargas Foundation (Brazil) in its series Economics Working Papers (Ensaios Economicos da EPGE) with number 625.

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Date of creation: 01 Oct 2006
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Handle: RePEc:fgv:epgewp:625
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  1. David Card, 1992. "Using Regional Variation in Wages to Measure the Effects of the Federal Minimum Wage," NBER Working Papers 4058, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. White, Halbert, 1980. "A Heteroskedasticity-Consistent Covariance Matrix Estimator and a Direct Test for Heteroskedasticity," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 48(4), pages 817-38, May.
  3. Brown, Charles, 1988. "Minimum Wage Laws: Are They Overrated?," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 2(3), pages 133-45, Summer.
  4. David Card & Alan B. Krueger, 1993. "Minimum Wages and Employment: A Case Study of the Fast Food Industry in New Jersey and Pennsylvania," NBER Working Papers 4509, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Brown, Charles & Gilroy, Curtis & Kohen, Andrew, 1982. "The Effect of the Minimum Wage on Employment and Unemployment," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 20(2), pages 487-528, June.
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