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Impactos da Nova Lei de Pisos Salariais Estaduais

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  • Moura, Rodrigo Leandro de
  • Neri, Marcelo Côrtes

Abstract

Em 2000, o governo federal fixou uma lei que permitia as Unidades Federativas fixarem pisos salariais acima do salário mínimo, representando uma oportunidade privilegiada de avaliação dos seus impactos. A nova lei oferece uma fonte de variabilidade potencialmente exógena além de isolar os efeitos de mudanças do salário mínimo sobre a demanda de trabalho dos impactos fiscais exercidos no contexto brasileiro. Inicialmente, testamos a efetividade da lei, utilizando logits multinomiais aplicados a PNAD/IBGE a fim de calcular a probabilidade de acumulação de massa de salários abaixo, igual e acima dos pisos estaduais. Posteriormente, aplicamos regressões quantílicas para diferenças de salários e de ocupação antes e depois da aplicação da lei comparando grupos de tratamento e controle através de dados longitudinais da PME/IBGE. Os resultados demonstram uma baixa efetividade e um alto descumprimento da lei nos estados aonde foi aplicada.

Suggested Citation

  • Moura, Rodrigo Leandro de & Neri, Marcelo Côrtes, 2006. "Impactos da Nova Lei de Pisos Salariais Estaduais," FGV/EPGE Economics Working Papers (Ensaios Economicos da EPGE) 625, FGV/EPGE - Escola Brasileira de Economia e Finanças, Getulio Vargas Foundation (Brazil).
  • Handle: RePEc:fgv:epgewp:625
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Card, David & Krueger, Alan B, 1994. "Minimum Wages and Employment: A Case Study of the Fast-Food Industry in New Jersey and Pennsylvania," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 84(4), pages 772-793, September.
    2. Brown, Charles & Gilroy, Curtis & Kohen, Andrew, 1982. "The Effect of the Minimum Wage on Employment and Unemployment," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 20(2), pages 487-528, June.
    3. Brown, Charles, 1988. "Minimum Wage Laws: Are They Overrated?," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 2(3), pages 133-145, Summer.
    4. White, Halbert, 1980. "A Heteroskedasticity-Consistent Covariance Matrix Estimator and a Direct Test for Heteroskedasticity," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 48(4), pages 817-838, May.
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    Cited by:

    1. Araújo, Fabio & Issler, João Victor & Fernandes, Marcelo, 2006. "A stochastic discount factor approach to asset pricing using panel data," FGV/EPGE Economics Working Papers (Ensaios Economicos da EPGE) 628, FGV/EPGE - Escola Brasileira de Economia e Finanças, Getulio Vargas Foundation (Brazil).
    2. Zhijie Xiao & Luiz Renato Lima, 2007. "Testing Covariance Stationarity," Econometric Reviews, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 26(6), pages 643-667.
    3. Flôres Junior, Renato Galvão, 2006. "The diversity of diversity: further methodological considerations on the use of the concept in cultural economics," FGV/EPGE Economics Working Papers (Ensaios Economicos da EPGE) 626, FGV/EPGE - Escola Brasileira de Economia e Finanças, Getulio Vargas Foundation (Brazil).
    4. repec:sbe:breart:v:27:y:2007:i:1:a:1570 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Lima, Luiz Renato & Gaglianone, Wagner Piazza & Sampaio, Raquel M.B., 2008. "Debt ceiling and fiscal sustainability in Brazil: A quantile autoregression approach," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 86(2), pages 313-335, June.
    6. Lima, Luiz Renato & Néri, Breno Pinheiro, 2007. "Comparing Value-at-Risk Methodologies," Brazilian Review of Econometrics, Sociedade Brasileira de Econometria - SBE, vol. 27(1), May.

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