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Beyond indifferent players: on the existence of prisoners dilemmas in games with amicable and adversarial preferences

  • Horowitz, Andrew W.
  • Flôres Junior, Renato Galvão

Why don’t agents cooperate when they both stand to gain? This question ranks among the most fundamental in the social sciences. Explanations abound. Among the most compelling are various configurations of the prisoner’s dilemma (PD), or public goods problem. Payoffs in PD’s are specified in one of two ways: as primitive cardinal payoffs or as ordinal final utility. However, as final utility is objectively unobservable, only the primitive payoff games are ever observed. This paper explores mappings from primitive payoff to utility payoff games and demonstrates that though an observable game is a PD there are broad classes of utility functions for which there exists no associated utility PD. In particular we show that even small amounts of either altruism or enmity may disrupt the mapping from primitive payoff to utility PD. We then examine some implications of these results.

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Paper provided by FGV/EPGE Escola Brasileira de Economia e Finanças, Getulio Vargas Foundation (Brazil) in its series Economics Working Papers (Ensaios Economicos da EPGE) with number 576.

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Date of creation: 01 Dec 2004
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Handle: RePEc:fgv:epgewp:576
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  1. Cysne, Rubens P. & Maldonado, Wilfredo L. & Monteiro, Paulo Klinger, 2005. "Inflation and income inequality: A shopping-time approach," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 78(2), pages 516-528, December.
  2. Cysne, Rubens Penha & Maldonado, Wilfredo Fernando Leiva & Monteiro, P. K., 2004. "Inflation and income inequality: a shopping-time aproach: (Forthcoming, Journal of Development Economics)," Economics Working Papers (Ensaios Economicos da EPGE) 566, FGV/EPGE Escola Brasileira de Economia e Finanças, Getulio Vargas Foundation (Brazil).
  3. Pedro Cavalcanti Ferreira & Samuel de Abreu Pessôa & Fernando A. Veloso, 2005. "On The Tyranny of Numbers: East Asian Miracles in World Perspective," IBMEC RJ Economics Discussion Papers 2005-10, Economics Research Group, IBMEC Business School - Rio de Janeiro.
  4. Cysne, Rubens Penha, 2004. "Income inequality: the role of impatience in a job-search process," Economics Working Papers (Ensaios Economicos da EPGE) 559, FGV/EPGE Escola Brasileira de Economia e Finanças, Getulio Vargas Foundation (Brazil).
  5. Monteiro, P. K., 2004. "First-Price auction symmetric equlibria with a general distribution," Economics Working Papers (Ensaios Economicos da EPGE) 568, FGV/EPGE Escola Brasileira de Economia e Finanças, Getulio Vargas Foundation (Brazil).
  6. Cysne, Rubens Penha, 2004. "Solving the non-convexity problem in some shopping-time and human-capital models," Economics Working Papers (Ensaios Economicos da EPGE) 567, FGV/EPGE Escola Brasileira de Economia e Finanças, Getulio Vargas Foundation (Brazil).
  7. Cysne, Rubens Penha, 2004. "On the statistical estimation of diffusion processes - a partial survey," Economics Working Papers (Ensaios Economicos da EPGE) 570, FGV/EPGE Escola Brasileira de Economia e Finanças, Getulio Vargas Foundation (Brazil).
  8. Cysne, Rubens Penha, 2004. "A search-theoretic explanation for the negative correlation between labor income and impatience," Economics Working Papers (Ensaios Economicos da EPGE) 558, FGV/EPGE Escola Brasileira de Economia e Finanças, Getulio Vargas Foundation (Brazil).
  9. Daniel Gottlieb & Lucas Maestri, 2004. "Banning Information As A Redistributive Device," Anais do XXXII Encontro Nacional de Economia [Proceedings of the 32th Brazilian Economics Meeting] 046, ANPEC - Associação Nacional dos Centros de Pósgraduação em Economia [Brazilian Association of Graduate Programs in Economics].
  10. Perez, Leonardo Pio & Ferreira, Pedro Cavalcanti, 2004. "Efeitos macroeconômicos e custos sociais de uma transição entre regimes de previdência no Brasil," Economics Working Papers (Ensaios Economicos da EPGE) 556, FGV/EPGE Escola Brasileira de Economia e Finanças, Getulio Vargas Foundation (Brazil).
  11. Gottlieb, Daniel & Moreira, Humberto Ataíde & Araújo, Aloísio Pessoa de, 2004. "A model of mixed signals with applications to countersignaling an the GED," Economics Working Papers (Ensaios Economicos da EPGE) 553, FGV/EPGE Escola Brasileira de Economia e Finanças, Getulio Vargas Foundation (Brazil).
  12. Xiao, Zhijie & Lima, Luiz Renato Regis de Oliveira, 2004. "Purchasing power parity and the unit root tests: a robust analysis," Economics Working Papers (Ensaios Economicos da EPGE) 552, FGV/EPGE Escola Brasileira de Economia e Finanças, Getulio Vargas Foundation (Brazil).
  13. Cysne, Rubens Penha, 2004. "A general-equilibrium closed-form solution to the welfare costs of inflation (Forthcoming, Revista Brasileira de Economia)," Economics Working Papers (Ensaios Economicos da EPGE) 562, FGV/EPGE Escola Brasileira de Economia e Finanças, Getulio Vargas Foundation (Brazil).
  14. Aloisio Araujo & Luciano I. de Castro Filho, 2004. "Pure Strategy Equilibria of Multidimensional and Non-Monotonic Auctions," Econometric Society 2004 Latin American Meetings 300, Econometric Society.
  15. Martimort, David & Moreira, Humberto Ataíde, 2004. "Common agency with informed principals," Economics Working Papers (Ensaios Economicos da EPGE) 551, FGV/EPGE Escola Brasileira de Economia e Finanças, Getulio Vargas Foundation (Brazil).
  16. Cysne, Rubens Penha, 2004. "On the positive correlation between income inequality and unemployment," Economics Working Papers (Ensaios Economicos da EPGE) 561, FGV/EPGE Escola Brasileira de Economia e Finanças, Getulio Vargas Foundation (Brazil).
  17. Germán Calfat & Renato G. Flôres, 2006. "The EU-Mercosol Free Trade Agreement: Quantifying Mutual Gains," Journal of Common Market Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 44, pages 921-945, December.
  18. Cysne, Rubens Penha, 2004. "On the statistical estimation of diffusion processes: a survey," Economics Working Papers (Ensaios Economicos da EPGE) 540, FGV/EPGE Escola Brasileira de Economia e Finanças, Getulio Vargas Foundation (Brazil).
  19. Cysne, Rubens Penha, 2004. "Inflation and income inequality: A link through the job-search process," Economics Working Papers (Ensaios Economicos da EPGE) 557, FGV/EPGE Escola Brasileira de Economia e Finanças, Getulio Vargas Foundation (Brazil).
  20. Cysne, Rubens Penha & Lisbôa, Paulo César Coimbra, 2004. "Imposto Inflacionário e Transferências Inflacionárias no Mercosul e nos Estados Unidos," Economics Working Papers (Ensaios Economicos da EPGE) 572, FGV/EPGE Escola Brasileira de Economia e Finanças, Getulio Vargas Foundation (Brazil).
  21. Neri, Marcelo Cortes & Xerez, Marcelo, 2004. "Desenho de um sistema de metas sociais," Economics Working Papers (Ensaios Economicos da EPGE) 565, FGV/EPGE Escola Brasileira de Economia e Finanças, Getulio Vargas Foundation (Brazil).
  22. Athayde, Gustavo M. de & Flôres Junior, Renato Galvão, 2004. "Do higher moments really matter in portfolio choice?," Economics Working Papers (Ensaios Economicos da EPGE) 574, FGV/EPGE Escola Brasileira de Economia e Finanças, Getulio Vargas Foundation (Brazil).
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