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Los Efectos Territoriales de las Infraestructuras: La inversión en redes de alta velocidad ferroviaria

Author

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  • Rosa M. González-Marrero
  • Rosa M. Lorenzo-Alegría
  • Gustavo A. Marrero

Abstract

Este artículo analiza la relación existente entre la construcción de la red de alta velocidad española (AVE) y la creación de empleo en los municipios que se benefician de la infraestructura. Con este fin, se desarrolla un modelo econométrico que investiga la relación entre la densidad del empleo y la introducción del AVE para las distintas áreas geográficas. La motivación para explorar dicha relación es comprobar si la provisión de la infraestructura genera beneficios adicionales a los considerados en los análisis costebeneficio. Los resultados muestran que el impacto de la alta velocidad se sitúa alrededor del 3.5-1.8% sobre la densidad de empleo para áreas concéntricas de 10-20 kilómetros alrededor de la estación con el uso de datos de panel y variables instrumentales que resuelven los posibles problemas de endogeneidad. Finalmente, se discuten los resultados obtenidos con el objetivo de discernir entre efectos de relocalización entre áreas y efectos netos de la infraestructura, concluyendo que la literatura existente no ha sido capaz de diferenciarlos.

Suggested Citation

  • Rosa M. González-Marrero & Rosa M. Lorenzo-Alegría & Gustavo A. Marrero, 2011. "Los Efectos Territoriales de las Infraestructuras: La inversión en redes de alta velocidad ferroviaria," Economic Reports 05-2011, FEDEA.
  • Handle: RePEc:fda:fdacee:05-2011
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