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L’expérimentation sociale des incitations financières à l’emploi : questions méthodologiques et leçons des expériences nord-américaines

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L'expérimentation du revenu de solidarité active (RSA) prévue dans la loi du 21 août 2007 en faveur du travail, de l'emploi et du pouvoir d'achat (" loi Tepa ") est la première expérimentation sociale de grande ampleur en France. La loi prévoit la mise en oeuvre du RSA à titre expérimental dans les départements volontaires pour une durée de trois ans. Dans le cadre de cette expérimentation, les allocataires de minima sociaux se voient garantir une augmentation de leur ressources en cas de reprise d'activité et ce dès les premières heures travaillées. Les minima sociaux passent ainsi d'une logique différentielle (où le montant de la prestation diminue d'un euro lorsque les revenus d'activité augmentent d'un euro) à une logique dégressive (où le montant de la prestation diminue moins vite que la hausse des revenus d'activité). D'un point de vue scientifique, l'objet de l'expérimentation est d'évaluer l'effet sur l'offre de travail des allocataires de minima sociaux de plus fortes incitations financières à l'emploi.
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  • Guillaume Allègre, 2008. "L’expérimentation sociale des incitations financières à l’emploi : questions méthodologiques et leçons des expériences nord-américaines," Documents de Travail de l'OFCE 2008-22, Observatoire Francais des Conjonctures Economiques (OFCE).
  • Handle: RePEc:fce:doctra:0822
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    File URL: http://www.ofce.sciences-po.fr/pdf/dtravail/WP2008-22.pdf
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    1. Charles E. Metcalf, 1974. "Predicting the Effects of Permanent Programs from a Limited Duration Experiment," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 9(4), pages 530-555.
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    3. Hum, Derek & Simpson, Wayne, 1993. "Economic Response to a Guaranteed Annual Income: Experience from Canada and the United States," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 11(1), pages 263-296, January.
    4. Orley Ashenfelter & David Ashmore & Olivier Deschenes, 1998. "Do Unemployment Insurance Recipients Actively Seek Work? Randomized Trials in Four U.S. States," Working Papers 791, Princeton University, Department of Economics, Industrial Relations Section..
    5. Gary Burtless & Larry L. Orr, 1986. "Are Classical Experiments Needed for Manpower Policy," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 21(4), pages 606-639.
    6. Burtless, Gary & Greenberg, David, 1982. "Inferences Concerning Labor Supply Behavior Based on Limited-Duration Experiments," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 72(3), pages 488-497, June.
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    Cited by:

    1. Guillaume Allègre, 2010. "L'expérimentation du revenu de solidarité active entre objectifs scientifiques et politiques," Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 0(2), pages 59-90.

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