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L'expérimentation du revenu de solidarité active entre objectifs scientifiques et politiques

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  • Guillaume Allègre

Abstract

The RSA field experiment, conducted between 2007 and 2009 in 34 French departments, intended to evaluate the impact of higher financial incentives to work for beneficiaries of social assistance programs (RMI and API) using a test group which had access to an experimental in-work benefit and a control group which did not. We show that the field experimentation of financial incentives to work is subject to numerous methodological difficulties. Particularly, they are confronted with a dilemma in which they much choose between the adequacy of the control group and the prevention of its contamination by the treatment, both of which are necessary conditions for causal inference. We then show that the experimental protocol did not circumvent these difficulties, failure which could also be explained by the conflicting agendas of scientific and policy actors involved in the experiment. JEL Classification: J08, J22, C93.

Suggested Citation

  • Guillaume Allègre, 2010. "L'expérimentation du revenu de solidarité active entre objectifs scientifiques et politiques," Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 0(2), pages 59-90.
  • Handle: RePEc:cai:reofsp:reof_113_0059
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Guillaume Allègre, 2010. "L'expérimentation du revenu de solidarité active entre objectifs scientifiques et politiques," Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 0(2), pages 59-90.
    2. Guillaume Allègre, 2008. "L’expérimentation sociale des incitations financières à l’emploi : questions méthodologiques et leçons des expériences nord-américaines," Documents de Travail de l'OFCE 2008-22, Observatoire Francais des Conjonctures Economiques (OFCE).
    3. Gary Burtless & Larry L. Orr, 1986. "Are Classical Experiments Needed for Manpower Policy," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 21(4), pages 606-639.
    4. Pierre Cahuc, 2002. "A quoi sert la prime pour l'emploi ?," Revue Française d'Économie, Programme National Persée, vol. 16(3), pages 3-61.
    5. Burtless, Gary & Greenberg, David, 1982. "Inferences Concerning Labor Supply Behavior Based on Limited-Duration Experiments," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 72(3), pages 488-497, June.
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    Cited by:

    1. Guillaume Allègre, 2011. "Le RSA : redistribution vers les travailleurs pauvres et offre de travail," Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 0(3), pages 33-61.
    2. Guillaume Allègre, 2010. "L'expérimentation du revenu de solidarité active entre objectifs scientifiques et politiques," Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 0(2), pages 59-90.
    3. Elisabeth Danzin & Véronique Simonnet & Danièle Trancart, 2012. "Les effets du RSA sur le taux de retour à l'emploi des bénéficiaires," Working Papers halshs-00979645, HAL.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Field experiment; Causal inference; Social assistance; In-work benefits; Financial incentives;

    JEL classification:

    • J08 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - General - - - Labor Economics Policies
    • J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply
    • C93 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Design of Experiments - - - Field Experiments

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