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Recasting Safety Nets: Reforming Social Assistance in Germany, Ireland and the United Kingdom

Author

Listed:
  • Cathal O'Donoghue

    (University of Cambridge)

  • Martin Evans

Abstract

This paper investigates the simulation of common policy reforms across different countries. Changes to the equivalence scales of social assistance systems in favour of pensions and children in Germany, Ireland and the UK were modelled. Unlike a number of previous studies of this kind such as Atkinson et al. (1988), reforms were modelled in the policy and societal context in which the reforms are set. To do this, three national tax-benefit microsimulation models were used. The analysis highlighted both the different structure of the policy instruments used across the countries, but also the importance of the national environments in which the policy is set. This paper highlights the difficulties associated with carrying out comparative research of this nature using national models which were not designed specifically for this purpose.

Suggested Citation

  • Cathal O'Donoghue & Martin Evans, 1998. "Recasting Safety Nets: Reforming Social Assistance in Germany, Ireland and the United Kingdom," Papers WP098, Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI).
  • Handle: RePEc:esr:wpaper:wp098
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    File URL: http://www.esri.ie/pubs/WP098.pdf
    File Function: First version, 1998
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Merz, Joachim, 1991. "Microsimulation -- A survey of principles, developments and applications," International Journal of Forecasting, Elsevier, vol. 7(1), pages 77-104, May.
    2. Callan T & O'donoghue C & Sutherland H, 1999. "Comparative Analysis of Basic Income Proposals: UK and Ireland," Microsimulation Unit Research Notes MU/RN/31, Microsimulation Unit at the Institute for Social and Economic Research.
    3. Callan, Tim & O'Donoghue, Cathal & O'Neill, CiarĂ¡n, 1994. "Analysis of Basic Income Schemes for Ireland," Research Series, Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI), number PRS21.
    4. Atkinson, A. B. & Bouguignon, F. & Chiappori, P. A., 1988. "What do we learn about tax reform from international comparisons? France and Britain," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 32(2-3), pages 343-352, March.
    5. Callan, Tim & Sutherland, Holly, 1997. "The impact of comparable policies in European countries: Microsimulation approaches," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 41(3-5), pages 627-633, April.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

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    Cited by:

    1. Bourguignon F & O'donoghue C & Sastre-descals J & Spadaro A & Utili F, 1998. "Technical Description of Eur3: A Prototype European Tax-Benefit Model," Microsimulation Unit Research Notes MU/RN/25, Microsimulation Unit at the Institute for Social and Economic Research.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Microsimulation; Income Distribution; Social Assistance; Europe;

    JEL classification:

    • H55 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Social Security and Public Pensions
    • I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs
    • C69 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Other

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