Impact of International Migration and Remittances on Child Schooling and Child Work: The Case of Egypt
Egypt has been a major exporter of labor to oil-rich Arab countries. More recently, Egyptian migrants are increasingly heading to Europe. We assess the impact of international migration and remittances on child schooling and child work in Egypt. We use the Egypt Labor Market Panel Survey of 2006 (ELMPS 06). Since migration opportunities tend to be network-dependent, we use the intensity of migration on the village level based on the 2006 Egyptian Census to instrument for migration. We find remittances to have a strong positive effect on attendance for university-aged boys. Migration has a positive effect on the likelihood of attending school for young girls 6-11 and a mild effect on school attendance of university-aged girls.With respect to child work, migration and remittances were found to have a very large negative effect on young boys’ market work. However, living in a migrant household seems to increase the likelihood of light domestic work for older boys. As for girls’ work, remittances reduce long-duration domestic work.
|Date of creation:||09 Jan 2010|
|Date of revision:||09 Jan 2010|
|Publication status:||Published by The Economic Research Forum (ERF)|
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