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Impact of International Migration and Remittances on Child Schooling and Child Work: The Case of Egypt


  • Asmaa Elbadawy

    () (Population Council, MENA regional office, Cairo)

  • Rania Roushdy


Egypt has been a major exporter of labor to oil-rich Arab countries. More recently, Egyptian migrants are increasingly heading to Europe. We assess the impact of international migration and remittances on child schooling and child work in Egypt. We use the Egypt Labor Market Panel Survey of 2006 (ELMPS 06). Since migration opportunities tend to be network-dependent, we use the intensity of migration on the village level based on the 2006 Egyptian Census to instrument for migration. We find remittances to have a strong positive effect on attendance for university-aged boys. Migration has a positive effect on the likelihood of attending school for young girls 6-11 and a mild effect on school attendance of university-aged girls.With respect to child work, migration and remittances were found to have a very large negative effect on young boys’ market work. However, living in a migrant household seems to increase the likelihood of light domestic work for older boys. As for girls’ work, remittances reduce long-duration domestic work.

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  • Asmaa Elbadawy & Rania Roushdy, 2010. "Impact of International Migration and Remittances on Child Schooling and Child Work: The Case of Egypt," Working Papers 545, Economic Research Forum, revised 09 Jan 2010.
  • Handle: RePEc:erg:wpaper:545

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Adams, Richard H, Jr, 1991. "The Economic Uses and Impact of International Remittances in Rural Egypt," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 39(4), pages 695-722, July.
    2. Alejandra Cox Edwards & Manuelita Ureta, 2003. "International Migration, Remittances, and Schooling: Evidence from El Salvador," NBER Working Papers 9766, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Edwards, Alejandra Cox & Ureta, Manuelita, 2003. "International migration, remittances, and schooling: evidence from El Salvador," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 72(2), pages 429-461, December.
    4. David McKenzie & Hillel Rapoport, 2011. "Can migration reduce educational attainment? Evidence from Mexico," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 24(4), pages 1331-1358, October.
    5. Acosta, Pablo & Calderon, Cesar & Fajnzylber, Pablo & Lopez, Humberto, 2008. "What is the Impact of International Remittances on Poverty and Inequality in Latin America?," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 36(1), pages 89-114, January.
    6. David McKenzie & Hillel Rapoport, 2006. "Can Migration Reduce Educational Attainments? Depressing Evidence from Mexico," CReAM Discussion Paper Series 0601, Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration (CReAM), Department of Economics, University College London.
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