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Measuring Water-Poverty Relationship in Algeria Using ROC Curves


  • Samir B.E. Maliki

    () (Faculty of Economics and Management, University Abou Bekr Belkaid of Tlemcen, Algeria)

  • Abderrezak Benhabib


Recent literature on poverty alleviation policies has focused on one direction of discourse by considering poverty as a dependant variable based on some objective (monetary) and subjective (social contacts). Results have not been satisfactory so far. The importance of factors, other than income, in determining living conditions such as education, gender, water and characteristics inherent to society can contribute greatly to explaining the acuteness of poverty (Benhabib, Ziani, Maliki, 2006). The aim of this paper is to quantify the subjective poverty of Algerian households by taking into consideration one of the factors— namely water domestic characteristics — as the direct focus1. We attempt to apply the Receiver Operating Characteristics ROC to determine the truly poor household through the water factor. This method has the advantage of eliminating the poverty line which is based on monetary factors. The methodology consists of classifying, as a first step, the households into two categories, subjective poor and non subjective poor. In the second step a graded scale is applied. In this case, the responses from the heads of the households are the basis of the scaling process. Finally we introduce the household’s water factors.

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  • Samir B.E. Maliki & Abderrezak Benhabib, 2008. "Measuring Water-Poverty Relationship in Algeria Using ROC Curves," Working Papers 423, Economic Research Forum, revised 06 Jan 2008.
  • Handle: RePEc:erg:wpaper:423

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    1. Foster, James & Greer, Joel & Thorbecke, Erik, 1984. "A Class of Decomposable Poverty Measures," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 52(3), pages 761-766, May.
    2. Minot, Nicholas & Baulch, Bob, 2002. "The spatial distribution of poverty in Vietnam and the potential for targeting," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2829, The World Bank.
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