IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/edn/sirdps/565.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Noncooperative Oligopoly in Markets with a Continuum of Traders: A Limit Theorem µa la Cournot

Author

Listed:
  • Busetto, Francesca
  • Codognato, Giulio
  • Ghosal, Sayantan

Abstract

In this paper, we consider an exchange economy µa la Shitovitz (1973), with atoms and an atomless set. We associate with it a strategic market game of the kind first proposed by Lloyd S. Shapley and known as the Shapley window model. We analyze the relationship between the set of the Cournot-Nash equilibrium allocations of the strategic market game and the Walras equilibrium allocations of the exchange economy with which it is associated. We show, with an example, that even when atoms are countably infinite, any Cournot-Nash equilibrium allocation of the game is not a Walras equilibrium of the underlying exchange economy. Accordingly, in the original spirit of Cournot (1838), we partially replicate the mixed exchange economy by increasing the number of atoms, without affecting the atomless part, and ensuring that the measure space of agents remains finite. We show that any sequence of Cournot-Nash equilibrium allocations of the strategic market games associated with the partially replicated exchange economies approximates a Walras equilibrium allocation of the original exchange economy.

Suggested Citation

  • Busetto, Francesca & Codognato, Giulio & Ghosal, Sayantan, 2014. "Noncooperative Oligopoly in Markets with a Continuum of Traders: A Limit Theorem µa la Cournot," SIRE Discussion Papers 2014-019, Scottish Institute for Research in Economics (SIRE).
  • Handle: RePEc:edn:sirdps:565
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10943/565
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Novshek, William & Sonnenschein, Hugo, 1987. "General Equilibrium with Free Entry: A Synthetic Approach to the Theory of Perfect Competition," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 25(3), pages 1281-1306, September.
    2. d'Aspremont, Claude & Dos Santos Ferreira, Rodolphe & Gerard-Varet, Louis-Andre, 1997. "General Equilibrium Concepts under Imperfect Competition: A Cournotian Approach," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 73(1), pages 199-230, March.
    3. Amir, Rabah & Sahi, Siddharta & Shubik, Martin & Yao, Shuntian, 1990. "A strategic market game with complete markets," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 51(1), pages 126-143, June.
    4. Codognato, Giulio & Gabszewicz, Jean J, 1993. "Cournot-Walras Equilibria in Markets with a Continuum of Traders," Economic Theory, Springer;Society for the Advancement of Economic Theory (SAET), vol. 3(3), pages 453-464, July.
    5. Peck, James & Shell, Karl & Spear, Stephen E., 1992. "The market game: existence and structure of equilibrium," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 21(3), pages 271-299.
    6. Charles R. Frank, 1965. "Entry in a Cournot Market," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 32(3), pages 245-250.
    7. William Novshek, 1980. "Cournot Equilibrium with Free Entry," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 47(3), pages 473-486.
    8. Benyamin Shitovitz, 1997. "A comparison between the core and the monopoly solutions in a mixed exchange economy," Economic Theory, Springer;Society for the Advancement of Economic Theory (SAET), vol. 10(3), pages 559-563.
    9. Busetto, Francesca & Codognato, Giulio & Ghosal, Sayantan, 2011. "Noncooperative oligopoly in markets with a continuum of traders," Games and Economic Behavior, Elsevier, vol. 72(1), pages 38-45, May.
    10. R. J. Ruffin, 1971. "Cournot Oligopoly and Competitive Behaviour," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 38(4), pages 493-502.
    11. Artstein, Zvi, 1979. "A note on fatou's lemma in several dimensions," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 6(3), pages 277-282, December.
    12. Sahi, Siddhartha & Yao, Shuntian, 1989. "The non-cooperative equilibria of a trading economy with complete markets and consistent prices," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 18(4), pages 325-346, September.
    13. Okuno, Masahiro & Postlewaite, Andrew & Roberts, John, 1980. "Oligopoly and Competition in Large Markets," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 70(1), pages 22-31, March.
    14. Codognato, Giulio & Ghosal, Sayantan, 2000. "Cournot-Nash equilibria in limit exchange economies with complete markets and consistent prices," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 34(1), pages 39-53, August.
    15. Martin Shubik & Jingang Zhao, 1990. "A Strategic Market Game of a Finite Economy with a Mutual Bank," Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers 961, Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University.
    16. Busetto, Francesca & Codognato, Giulio & Ghosal, Sayantan, 2008. "Cournot-Walras Equilibrium as a Subgame Perfect Equilibrium," The Warwick Economics Research Paper Series (TWERPS) 837, University of Warwick, Department of Economics.
    17. Mas-Colell, Andreu, 1983. "Walrasian equilibria as limits of noncooperative equilibria. Part I: Mixed strategies," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 30(1), pages 153-170, June.
    18. Shapley, Lloyd S & Shubik, Martin, 1977. "Trade Using One Commodity as a Means of Payment," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 85(5), pages 937-968, October.
    19. Shitovitz, Benyamin, 1973. "Oligopoly in Markets with a Continuum of Traders," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 41(3), pages 467-501, May.
    20. Roberts, Kevin, 1980. "The limit points of monopolistic competition," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 22(2), pages 256-278, April.
    21. Francesca BUSETTO & Giulio CODOGNATO & Sayantan GHOSSAL, 2013. "Three Models of Noncooperative Oligopoly in Markets with a Continuum of Traders," Discussion Papers (REL - Recherches Economiques de Louvain) 2013041, Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES).
    22. Novshek, William & Sonnenschein, Hugo, 1983. "Walrasian equilibria as limits of noncooperative equilibria. Part II: Pure strategies," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 30(1), pages 171-187, June.
    23. Francesca Busetto & Giulio Codognato & Sayantan Ghosal, 2013. "Three Models of Noncooperative Oligopoly in Markets with a Continuum of Traders," Recherches économiques de Louvain, De Boeck Université, vol. 79(4), pages 15-32.
    24. Codognato, Giulio, 2000. "Cournot-Nash Equilibria in Limit Exchange Economies with Complete Markets: A Comparison between Two Models," Games and Economic Behavior, Elsevier, vol. 31(1), pages 136-146, April.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:edn:sirdps:565. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Research Office). General contact details of provider: http://edirc.repec.org/data/sireeuk.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.