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A Customs Union with Multinational Firms: The Automobile Market in Argentina and Brazil

Author

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  • Brambilla, Irene

    (Yale U)

Abstract

In this paper, I estimate the economic effects of adopting a customs union in the context of an oligopolistic market with multinational firms, tariffs and non-tariff barriers. Specifically, I estimate a model of demand and supply for cars in Argentina and Brazil and I look at the consequences of adopting MERCOSUR, a regional trade agreement to be fully implemented in 2006. I develop a model of the strategic behavior of multinational firms in the presence of active trade intervention in the form of tariffs and non-tariff barriers and I show how a particular form of trade balance restriction applied at the firm level can lead to an increase in trade flows in the presence of intra-firm strategic trade. I propose a minimum-distance estimator that allows for the joint estimation of production costs and shadow costs of the NTBs without making functional form assumptions on the cost side. To explore the effects of the trade policy, I derive equilibrium conditions for firms under the changed policy parameters and I use the estimates of demand and costs to predict the outcome in these counterfactual equilibria. I decompose the effects on prices, volumes of trade, profits and consumer welfare into the separate impacts of two simultaneous changes in policy: the removal of NTBs and the adoption of a common external tariff.

Suggested Citation

  • Brambilla, Irene, 2005. "A Customs Union with Multinational Firms: The Automobile Market in Argentina and Brazil," Working Papers 4, Yale University, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:ecl:yaleco:4
    as

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    File URL: http://economics.yale.edu/sites/default/files/files/Working-Papers/wp000/ddp0004.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Robert C. Feenstra, 1984. "Voluntary Export Restraint in U.S. Autos, 1980-81: Quality, Employment, and Welfare Effects," NBER Chapters,in: The Structure and Evolution of Recent U.S. Trade Policy, pages 35-66 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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    4. Aviv Nevo, 2000. "Mergers with Differentiated Products: The Case of the Ready-to-Eat Cereal Industry," RAND Journal of Economics, The RAND Corporation, vol. 31(3), pages 395-421, Autumn.
    5. Steve Berry & Oliver B. Linton & Ariel Pakes, 2004. "Limit Theorems for Estimating the Parameters of Differentiated Product Demand Systems," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 71(3), pages 613-654.
    6. Nevo, Aviv, 2001. "Measuring Market Power in the Ready-to-Eat Cereal Industry," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 69(2), pages 307-342, March.
    7. Pinelopi Koujianou Goldberg & Frank Verboven, 2001. "The Evolution of Price Dispersion in the European Car Market," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 68(4), pages 811-848.
    8. Robert C. Feenstra, 1988. "Quality Change Under Trade Restraints in Japanese Autos," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 103(1), pages 131-146.
    9. Pakes, Ariel S, 1986. "Patents as Options: Some Estimates of the Value of Holding European Patent Stocks," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 54(4), pages 755-784, July.
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    12. Goldberg, Pinelopi Koujianou, 1995. "Product Differentiation and Oligopoly in International Markets: The Case of the U.S. Automobile Industry," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 63(4), pages 891-951, July.
    13. repec:cdl:compol:217 is not listed on IDEAS
    14. Steven T. Berry, 1994. "Estimating Discrete-Choice Models of Product Differentiation," RAND Journal of Economics, The RAND Corporation, vol. 25(2), pages 242-262, Summer.
    15. Deaton,Angus & Muellbauer,John, 1980. "Economics and Consumer Behavior," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521296762.
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    Cited by:

    1. Cosar, Kerem & Grieco, Paul L. E. & Li, Shengyu & Tintelnot, Felix, 2015. "What Drives Home Market Advantage?," CEPR Discussion Papers 10852, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    2. Kitano, Taiju & Ohashi, Hiroshi, 2009. "Did US safeguards resuscitate Harley-Davidson in the 1980s?," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 79(2), pages 186-197, November.
    3. Jorge Tovar, 2004. "The Welfare Effects Of Trade Liberalization: Evidence From The Car Industry In Colombia," DOCUMENTOS CEDE 003638, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
    4. Catherine Thomas, 2011. "Too Many Products: Decentralized Decision Making in Multinational Firms," American Economic Journal: Microeconomics, American Economic Association, vol. 3(1), pages 280-306, February.
    5. De Loecker, Jan & Van Biesebroeck, Johannes, 2016. "The effect of international competition on firm productivity and market power," CEPR Discussion Papers 11114, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.

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    JEL classification:

    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations

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