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Evolving Phillips trade-off

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  • Benati, Luca

Abstract

We characterise the evolution of the U.S. unemployment-inflation trade-off since the late XIX century era via a Bayesian time-varying parameters structural VAR. The Great Inflation episode appears as historically unique along several dimensions. In particular, the shape of the ‘Phillips loop’–which is defined in terms of the impulse-response functions of inflation and unemployment’s deviations from equilibrium–was, during those years, clearly out of line with respect to the rest of the sample period for all structural innovations except money demand shocks. During the Great Depression, on the other hand, the Phillips trade-off did not exhibit any peculiar qualitative feature, so that, when seen through these lenses, the 1930s only stand out because of the sheer size of the macroeconomic fluctuation. The historical evolution of the Phillips trade-off exhibits virtually no connection with the evolution of the extent of trade openness of the U.S. economy. Although, by itself, this does not rule out a possible impact of globalisation on the slope of the trade-off in recent years, it clearly suggests that, historically, the evolution of the trade-off has been dominated by factors other than trade openness. JEL Classification: E30, E32

Suggested Citation

  • Benati, Luca, 2010. "Evolving Phillips trade-off," Working Paper Series 1176, European Central Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:ecb:ecbwps:20101176
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    1. repec:eee:dyncon:v:79:y:2017:i:c:p:66-78 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Amir-Ahmadi, Pooyan & Matthes, Christian & Wang, Mu-Chun, 2015. "Measurement Errors and Monetary Policy: Then and Now," Working Paper 15-13, Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Bayesian VARs; Globalisation; Great Depression; Great Inflation; identified VARs; Lucas Critique; Phillips trade-off; stochastic volatility; time-varying parameters;

    JEL classification:

    • E30 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - General (includes Measurement and Data)
    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles

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